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A selection of publications with educational value in

Respiratory Infections (non-TB)

Most recently added articles listed at the top

  • Table 3
    (Click image to enlarge)
    Usefulness of a routine endoscopic assessment of laryngeal lesions after lung cancer surgery Alex Fourdrain, Florence De Dominicis, Jules Iquille, Sophie Lafitte, Geoni Merlusca, Alejandro Witte Pfister, Patrick Bagan and Pascal Berna (DOI: 10.1111/resp.13139)
    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.13139/full (Jan 2018)

    Comment by Dr Mark Lavercombe:
    Vocal cord dysfunction is not uncommon in patients after lung cancer resection, and this study demonstrates a significant association with poor post-operative outcomes including pneumonia, need for bronchoscopy and re-intubation. The authors recommend routine laryngeal screening within 24h of surgery, although treatment outcomes were not assessed in this study.


  • Figure S2
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    Nasopharyngeal viral PCR in immunosuppressed patients and its association with virus detection in bronchoalveolar lavage by PCR: Daniel J Lachant, Daniel P Croft, Heather Mcgrane Minton, Paritosh Prasad & Robert M Kottmann. (DOI: 10.1111/resp.13049)
    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.13049/full (Aug 2017)

    Comment by Dr Mark Lavercombe:
    Bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage is often required for immunosuppressed patients presenting with lung infiltrates. This study compares the diagnostic yield for respiratory virus PCR on nasopharyngeal and BAL specimens, and demonstrates both high concordance and low false negative rate for nasopharyngeal specimens.


  • Crude survival based on cardiac troponin T (cTnT) level on admission. (Figure 1)
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    High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T predicts mortality after hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia Stefan M T Vestjens, Simone M C Spoorenberg, Ger T Rijkers, Jan C Grutters, Jurrien M ten Berg, Peter G Noordzi, Ewoudt M W van de Garde, Willem Jan W Bos and the Ovidius Study Group. (DOI: 10.1111/resp.12996)
    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.12996/full (Jul 2017)

    Comment by Dr Mark Lavercombe:
    This paper demonstrates a significant relationship between levels of cardiac troponin measured at admission in patients with Community-Acquired Pneumonia and both 30-day and long-term mortality. The combination of Pneumonia Severity Index with Troponin level predicted mortality better than either model alone. These findings suggest cardiac evaluation might be worthwhile in patients with CAP and elevated Troponin.


  • (Click image to enlarge)
    Ecological study on solid fuel use and pneumonia in young children: A worldwide association. Accinelli et al. (resp. 12865/ RES-16-237.R1)
    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.12865/full (Jan 2017)

    Comment by Dr Mark Lavercombe:
    This study demonstrates a potential correlation between childhood pneumonia and exposure to solid fuel burning. Future work might examine whether reduction in indoor biomass pollution will lead to reduction in early childhood pneumonia.

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa antibiotic resistance in Australian cystic fibrosis centres. Smith et al.
    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.12714/abstract (Dec 2015)
    (FREE access: Editor's Choice; Editorial: onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.12721/abstract)

  • Systematic review and meta-analysis of respiratory viral coinfections in children. Lim et al.
    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.12741/abstract (Feb 2016)

  • Randomized controlled trial of the effect of regular paracetamol on influenza infection. Jefferies et al.
    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.12685/abstract (Dec 2015)
    (FREE access: Editor's Choice; Editorial: onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.12726/abstract