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8th Congress of the APSR

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Kuala Lumpur, 2003

This congress was held at Sunway Lagoon Resort Hotel, on 1-4 December 2003.

Congress websites remain online for a limited period after the event. Therefore for posterity, the following links are reproduced from the congress' Final Announcement.

Given the size and complexity of such events, it is inevitable that there were last minute changes. Consequently there is no guarantee that all the sessions detailed actually took place in the form advertised.

Information that is unlikely to be of further interest, such as hotel booking, transportation arrangements to the venue, etc., has been omitted.

The following information appeared in the Final Announcement

Congress poster

Organised jointly with the Malaysian Thoracic Society


Following an outbreak of SARS in the region from March to early June 2003, the 8th APSR Congress was postponed from the original date of 17-20 July 2003 to 1-4 December 2003.

The postponement forced several alterations to the original plan, including the venue which was changed from the Shangri La Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, to the Sunway Lagoon Resort Hotel, Petaling Jaya, approximately 30 kilometres from Kuala Lumpur.

The text on this page was copied from the Final Announcement published in early 2003. Later changes to the programme are shown below italicised.



APSR Executive Officers2
Congress Organising Committee3
MTS (Council 2001-2003)3
Welcome Message4
Invited Faculty5
Programme at a Glance6
Congress Workshops8
Scientific Programme9
Congress Information12
Free Communications15
About Malaysia16
Optional Tours18
Enclosures:Form 1 - Registration
Form 2 - Hotel Reservation
Form 3 - Abstract Submission

Important Dates*

Deadline for Early Registration31 October 2003
Deadline for Submission of Abstracts15 October 2003
Deadline for Cancellation & Refund15 November 2003

Congress Secretariat

Please send registration form, hotel reservation form, and abstract form to the Secretariat:
8th APSR Congress
19, Jalan Folly Barat, 50480 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel: +603 2093 0100, 2093 0200 Fax: +603 2093 0900
E-mail: acadmed@po.jaring.my


APSR Executive Officers

PresidentWah-Kit Lam
Congress PresidentChong-Kin Liam
Congress President-ElectWah-Kit Lam
Past PresidentShiro Kira
Past Congress PresidentKwen-Tay Luh
Secretary GeneralYoshinosuke Fukuchi
TreasurerTakashi Horie
Editor-in-ChiefPhilip J. Thompson
Executive Members representing the Council MembersPeter G. Gibson
Mary Ip
Masaharu Nishimura
Se Hwa Yoo
Finance Committee ChairpersonTakashi Horie
Membership Committee ChairpersonTeresita S. de Guia
Research and Education Committee ChairpersonNan-Shan Zhong
International Advisory CommitteeJ. Patrick Barron
Norbert Berend
YoungSoo Shim
Wan-Cheng Tan
Wei-Ci Luo
J. Paul Seale


Organising Committee

ChairmanChong-Kin Liam
SecretaryNorzila Mohamed Zainudin
TreasurerJessie A. De Bruyne
Business ManagerZainudin M. Zin
Scientific Programme ChairmanRoslan Harun
PublicationsPatrick Chan
Roslina Abdul Manap
Congress FacilitiesKim-Hatt Lim
Richard Loh
Audio-Visual FacilitiesYong-Kek Pang
Social EventsCatherine Wong
Norrashidah A. Wahab
SecretariatYoon-Moi Kong

Malaysian Thoracic Society Council 2001 - 2003

PresidentChong-Kin Liam
Deputy PresidentRoslan Harun
Honorary SecretaryNorzila Mohamed Zainudin
Deputy Honorary SecretaryKim-Hatt Lim
Honorary TreasurerJessie A. De Bruyne
Deputy Honorary TreasurerRichard Loh
Committee MembersRoslina Abdul Manap
Zainudin M. Zin
Catherine Wong
Patrick Chan


Welcome Message from the Organising Chairman*

Chong-Kin Liam

We would like to once again extend our invitation to you to attend the 8th Asian Pacific Society of Respirology (APSR) Congress scheduled to be held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1-4 December 2003. As the Congress draws near, the pace of organising this major event is beginning to pick up with the secretariat and organising working hard together to bring forth a hopefully enjoyable meeting, socially and for its scientific merit.

The rapid advances in the therapeutic and diagnostic development in respiratory medicine illustrate the need to take a long hard look at its application in clinical practice at bed-side. This issue will be extensively addressed at the Congress as the scientific programme will reflect on the theme of 'An evidence-based approach to the management of respiratory disease in the Asian Pacific region'. An impressive faculty of speakers, including several from the Asian Pacific region itself, will provide insights on these issues at the Congress. The pre-Congress workshops have been organised to provide a more intensive approach to four clinical issues namely Sleep Apnoea, Diagnostic & Interventional Pulmonology, Mechanical Ventilation and Immunotherapy for Allergic Diseases.

We are extremely pleased that the meeting is supported by an international fraternity of Respiratory Societies namely the American College of Chest Physicians, the European Respiratory Society and the American Thoracic Society. All three societies will be participating actively by pledging prominent speakers and representation by senior members at the Congress. Their keen participation demonstrates the importance of this meeting for the Asian Pacific region and we do hope that many of you will take the opportunity to join us in Kuala Lumpur.

We would also like to invite delegates to submit their research work for presentation at the Congress and to consider the Congress a platform to share their findings with other health care providers in the Asian Pacific region. For the first time, an APSR Award for Research on Asthma in the Asian Pacific region, will be given to the best free paper submitted for either oral or poster presentation at this Congress. Investigators are requested to indicate whether they wish to be considered for this award.

The congress will be held in Kuala Lumpur, a busy exciting metropolitan that has a lot to offer, from its old buildings with Moorish elements, a heritage of its colonial past to the towering skyscrapers hailing the strides taken towards modernisation. With only a little effort, visitors can visit the rest of Malaysia that boasts a fascinating rich multi-cultural potpourri and natural beauty.

Once again, we do hope that you will take this opportunity to join us in Kuala Lumpur for the 8th APSR Congress.

Thank you.

Prof Liam Chong-Kin


Invited Faculty


Allan Granville
Guy Marks
Michael Boyer
Paul Seale
Peter Gibson
Colin Robertson
Lee Doyle*


Nan Shan Zhong


Mare Zelter
Laurent Nicod


Roland Buhl*

Hong Kong SAM China

Mary Ip
Christopher Lai
Wah-Kit Lam
Kenneth Tsang
Wing-Wai Yew
Gary Wong*


Masayuki Ando
Yoshinosuke Fukuchi
Jun Ueki
Naoto Keicho
Takeshi Fukuchi*


Dong-Soon Kim
Sung-Koo Han*


Chong-Kin Liam
David Chew
Jessie A De Bruyne
I. Kuppusamy
George Kutty Simon
Aziah Mahayiddin
Azizi Haji Omar
Patrick Tan
Norzila Mohd Zainudin
Zainudin M. Zin
Chim-Choy Lang
Norrashidah A. Wahab
Swee-Fong Tang*


Percival Punzal


John Abisheganaden
Philip Eng
Kang-Hoe Lee
Tow-Keang Lim
Alan Ng
Kian-Chung Ong
J. Raghuram
Wan-Cheng Tan

South Africa

Paul Potter


Reury-Perng Perng


Apirak Patawichai
Visit Udampanich
Teerachai Chantarojanasiri*

United Kingdom

Michael Spencer

United States

Homer Boushey
Sidney Braman
Paul Kvale
Udaya Prakash


Programme at a Glance*

1 December2 December
0800‑0845Congress Workshops

WS1: Sleep Apnoea

WS2: Diagnostic & Interventional Pulmonology

WS3: Mechanical Ventilation

WS4: Immunotherapy For Allergic Diseases
1245‑1400Lunch Satellite Symposia
1445‑1545Special SARS SymposiumConcurrent Oral & Poster Scientific Paper Presentations
1615‑1800ML1: Ann Woolcock Memorial Lecture
1800‑1900Opening CeremonySatellite Symposium
1930‑2200Dinner Satellite Symposium

P: Plenary
S: Symposium
WS: Workshop


3 December4 December
1245‑1400Lunch Satellite SymposiaClosing Ceremony
and lunch
1400‑1445ML2: Michiyoshi Harasawa Memorial Lecture
1445‑1545Concurrent Oral & Poster Scientific Paper Presentations
1930‑2200Congress Dinner

P: Plenary
S: Symposium
WS: Workshop


Congress Workshops*

WS1: Sleep Apnoea
  • Epidemiology of sleep - An Asian Pacific perspective (Mary Ip)
  • Pathogenesis of sleep apnoea - Control of breathing (Ron Grunstein)
  • Diagnostic considerations in sleep apnoea (John Abisheganaden)
  • An approach to the management of sleep disordered breathing (Mary Ip)
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness - Non-apnoeic causes (Ron Grunstein)
  • Sleep disordered breathing in children (Norrashidah A. Wahab)
WS2: Diagnostic & Interventional Pulmonology
  • How to improve diagnostic yield from bronchoscopy techniques? (Udaya Prakash)
  • Bronchoscopy for peripheral solitary pulmonary nodule (Paul Kvale)
  • The role of transbronchial lung biopsy in the 21st century (Udaya Prakash)
  • Endobronchial ultrasonography (Alan Ng)
  • Interventional pulmonology - An overview for 2003 (Udaya Prakash)
  • Interventional bronchoscopy - Selection criteria for interventional bronchoscopy (Paul Kvale)
  • Interventional bronchoscopy - Which technique for which patient?
    • Foreign body removal (Philip Tiew)
    • Nd YAG Laser (Philip Tiew)
    • Electrosurgery (Alan Ng)
    • Argon plasma coagulation (Alan Ng)
    • Balloon bronchoplasty (Philip Tiew)
    • Tracheobronchial stenting (Philip Tiew)
  • Medical thoracoscopy (Alan Ng)
  • Interesting bronchoscopy cases (Udaya Prakash)
WS3: Mechanical Ventilation
  • ABC of mechanical ventilation (Patrick Tan)
  • Mechanical ventilation in status asthmaticus and COPD (Kang-Hoe Lee)
  • New insights about the pathogenesis of lung injury - Implications for treatment (Marc Zelter)
  • Ventilator-associated infections (Kang-Hoe Lee)
  • Non-invasive ventilation and BiPAP (Kian-Chung Ong)
WS4: Immunotherapy for Allergic Diseases
  • Diagnosis of allergy (Paul Potter)
  • Can immunotherapy prevent asthma? (Paul Potter)
  • Who should have immunotherapy? (Paul Potter)
  • Sublingual immunotherapy (Paul Potter)


Scientific Programme*

Memorial Lectures (ML)
ML1: Ann Woolcock Lecture

A Public Health Approach to Controlling Asthma and COPD (Guy Mark)

ML2: Michiyoshi Harasawa Lecture

Summer-type Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis (Masayuki Ando)


P1: Respiratory Disease

Applying Evidence-based Medicine at the bedside (Peter Gibson)

P2: Immunotherapy, Vaccines and Allergen Avoidance

(Paul Potter)

P3: Tuberculosis

Past, Present and Future (I. Kuppusamy)
Special SARS Symposium
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome - The Asian Experience
    • SARS outbreak in Guangdong (Nan-Shan Zhong)
    • SARS outbreak in Hong Kong SAR (Kenneth Tsang)
    • SARS outbreak in Singapore
Lunch Satellite Symposia
  • New considerations in COPD management and pharmacotherapy
    • An update on COPD guidelines - The recently published Canadian guidelines
    • Tiotropium - Potential long term impacts on lung function
    • An update on COPD issues in Asia - The impact of SARS on COPD management
  • A fast and effective treatment of Asthma - Simplifying treatment with Symbicort (Roland Buhl)
  • Industrial sponsors: AZ Pharmaceuticals / Bayer Healthcare / Boehringer-Ingleheim / Pfizer
Evening Satellite Symposia
  • Industrial sponsors: GlaxoSmithKline / Pfizer / Daiichi Pharmaceutical Asia Ltd
S1A: Asthma - A Changing Disease
  • New treatments for asthma (Homer Boushey)
  • Small airways in asthma - Are we treating all areas of inflammation? (Takeshi Fukuda)
  • Management of difficult asthma (Wan-Cheng Tan)
  • Rationale for new therapeutic agents in asthma management (Roland Buhl)
S1B: Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders (SBD)
  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (Ron Grunstein)
  • Upper airway resistance syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment (John Abisheganaden)
  • Cardiovascular morbidity in SBD (Mary Ip)
S1C: Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Spectrum of ILD / New consensus classification (Dong-Soon Kim)
  • Diagnostic approach to interstitial lung disease (Laurent Nicod)
  • Treatment of interstitial lung disease
S2A: Cough /Vocal Cord Dysfunction / Haemoptysis
  • Management of chronic cough in the Asian Pacific region (Nan-Shan Zhong)
  • Vocal cord dysfunction - Recognition and management (Sidney Braman)
  • Haemoptysis - Diagnostic and therapeutic approaches (Udaya Prakash)
  • Prevalence and risk factors of COPD in Asian countries (Yoshinosuke Fukuchi)
  • GOLD guidelines - The Asian Pacific perspective (Wan-Cheng Tan)
  • Systemic effects of COPD (Percival Punzal)
S2C: Childhood Asthma 1
  • Paediatric asthma in the Asian Pacific region (Jessie A. De Bruyne )
  • Challenges in treating childhood asthma in the Asian Pacific region (Gary Wong)
  • Can asthma be prevented? (Colin Robertson)


S3A: The Burden of Asthma in the Asian Pacific region
  • Is asthma prevalence rising? (Christopher Lai)
  • How much does asthma affect the daily lives of patients? (Zainudin M. Zin)
  • What is the cost of asthma? (Michael Spencer)
  • Is there any way we can reduce the burden? (Teresita De Guia)
  • Redefining treatment in COPD - New directions in bronchodilator therapy (Paul Seale)
  • COPD exacerbations - The ACCP evidence-based report (Sidney Braman)
  • Lung volume reduction surgery (Udaya Prakash)
  • Pharmacological aids to stop smoking (Philip Eng)
S3C: Childhood Asthma 2
  • Cohort studies in childhood asthma - Is there a story to tell? (Colin Robertson)
  • The environment we live in and asthma (Azizi Haji Omar)
  • Update on treatment modalities for paediatric status asthmaticus (Swee-Fong Tang)
S4A: Update on Respiratory lnfections in the Asian Pacific region
  • Community acquired pneumonia in the Asian Pacific region (Chong-Kin Liam)
  • Melioidosis (Apirak Palwatwichai)
  • CAP - Treatment guidelines (Kenneth Tsang)
  • Nosocomial pneumonia (Kang-Hoe Lee)
S4B: Disease of Pulmonary Circulation
  • An approach to pulmonary embolism (David Chew)
  • Pulmonary vasculitides (Udaya Prakash)
  • Diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension (Chim-Choy Lang)
S4C: Childhood Respiratory Infections
  • Epidemiology of pneumonia in the Asian Pacific region (Teerachai Chantarojanasiri)
  • Approach and treatment of childhood bronchiectasis (Norzila Mohamed Zainudin)
  • Long-term morbidity of childhood pneumonias (Teerachai Chantarojanasiri)
S5A: Tuberculosis
  • Treatment challenges - Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and atypical mycobacterium infections (Wing-Wai Yew)
  • TB control programme in the Asian Pacific region (George Kutty Simon)
  • Managing the patient with adverse drug reactions and liver/renal failure (Wing-Wai Yew)
S5B: Adult Bronchiolitis
  • BOOP versus COP - Current concepts and treatment approaches (Laurent Nicod)
  • Diffuse panbronchiolitis (Naoto Keicho)
  • Bronchiectasis - Rationales for treatment in the absence of guideline (Kenneth Tsang)
S5C: Chronic Lung Disease (CLD)
  • Understanding the neonatal origins of chronic lung disease (Lex Doyle)
  • Prevention of chronic lung disease - An appraisal of the evidence (T. F. Fok)
  • Good lungs, bad brains vs bad lungs, good brains - Outcome measures in chronic lung disease (Lex Doyle)


S6A: Pleural Diseases
  • Parapneumonic effusions - Evidence-based treatment guidelines (Tow-Keang Lim)
  • Management of malignant pleural effusion
  • Management issues in pneumothorax (Aziah Mahayiddin)
S6B: Adult Grand Rounds

S6C: Paediatric Grand Rounds

S7A: Diagnosis of Lung Cancer
  • Molecular profiling of lung cancers and its clinical implications
  • Screening and early detection of lung cancer
  • New strategies in the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer (Wah-Kit Lam)
S7B: Acute Lung Injury and ARDS
  • Pathophysiology of acute lung injury and ARDS (Marc Zelter)
  • ARDS - The evidence for non-ventilatory therapies (Kang-Hoe Lee)
  • Optimal techniques of mechanical ventilation in ARDS (Patrick Tan)
S7C: Pulmonary rehabilitation - The Asian Pacific experience
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation - The Australian experience (Norbert Berend)
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation - The Philippine experience (Percival Punzal)
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation - The Japanese experience (Jun Ueki)
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation - The Singapore experience (Kian-Chung Ong)
  • Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation programme - The Korean experience (Dong-Soon Kim)
S8A: Treatment of Lung Cancer
  • Induction therapy and surgery for stage I-IIIA,B NSCLC (Michael Boyer)
  • Chemotherapy in advanced stage lung cancer - Have we got the evidence? (Reury-Perng Perng)
  • Current treatment of small cell lung cancer (Michael Boyer)
S8B: Non invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in respiratory failure
  • NIPPV for chronic respiratory failure (non-COPD)
  • NIPPV in acute respiratory failure in non-COPD patients
S8C: Lung Transplantation
  • Lung transplantation in the Asian Pacific region (Allan Glanville)
  • Setting up a transplantation programme in a resource limited country (Visit Udompanich)
  • Complications of lung transplantation (J. Raghuram)


Congress Information

Congress Secretariat
8th APSR Congress
19, Jalan Folly Barat, 50480 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel: 603 2093 0100, 2093 0200
Fax: 603 2093 0900
Email: acadmed@po.jaring.my, acadmed@streamyx.com
Congress Venue*
Sunway Lagoon Resort Hotel
Persiaran Lagoon, Bandar Sunway, 46150 Petaling Jaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Tel: 603 582 8000
Fax: 603 582 8001
Website: www.sunway.com.my/hotel/index.asp
Email: sunway@po.jaring.my
Official Travel Agent
Prohighway Travel
No 7, Lorong Maarof 1, Bangsar Park, 59000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel: 603 2283 1182
Fax: 603 2283 1191
Email: peter@prohighway.com
31 Oct* 2003
31 Oct* 2003
On Site
APSR Member
(including one Workshop)
Non APSR Member
(including one Workshop)
Resident/Trainee/Allied Health Professional
(including one Workshop)
Accompanying PersonUS$150US$200US$250


Hotel Accommodation

The Organising Committee has negotiated for special rates with the following hotels:

Sunway Lagoon Resort Hotel*
(Conference Hotel)
DeluxeUS$90 nettUS$90 nett
Hotel Istana, Kuala LumpurDeluxeUS$68 nettUS$76 nett
Concorde Hotel, Kuala LumpurSuperiorUS$49 nettUS$49 nett

The above rates are inclusive of buffet breakfast. Please note that there are only limited rooms at the Conference Hotel. Please complete and return the enclosed hotel reservation form directly to the hotel of your choice. A one-night's deposit will be required to confirm the booking. The details of the hotels are as follows:

  • Sunway Lagoon Resort Hotel*
    Persiaran Lagoon, Bandar Sunway, 46150 Petaling Jaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
    Tel: 603 582 8000 Fax: 603 582 8001
  • Hotel Istana
    73, Jalan Raja Chulan, 50200 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Tel: 603 2141 9988 Fax: 603 2144 0111
  • Concorde Hotel Kuala Lumpur
    2, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Tel: 603 21442200 Fax: 603 2144 1628
Registration Form

Please return the completed Registration Form to the Congress Secretariat with appropriate fees as early as possible to ensure receipt of the complete set of conference materials upon checking in at the time of the conference. Photocopies of the form may be used.

  • Invitation to the Opening Ceremony
  • Congress Banquet
  • One Congress Workshop
  • Admission to all Scientific Sessions
  • Admission to the Trade Exhibition
  • Conference materials
  • Satellite Symposia
  • Lunches
  • Coffee/Tea
Accompanying Person
  • Invitation to the Opening Ceremony
  • Congress Banquet
  • Half Day Kuala Lumpur City Tour
  • Full Day Melaka Tour
  • Access to Trade Exhibition



All payments are to be issued in favour of "8th APSR Congress" Payments can be made via credit card or telegraphic transfer to:
Name of Account: 8th APSR Congress
Bank: Southern Bank Berhad
Address: Plaza Damansara, Bukit Damansara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Account Number: xxxxx
Swift Code: xxxxx

If remittance is via telegraphic transfer, please attach proof of remittance with the completed registration form.

Cancellation and Refund Policy

The Congress Secretariat must be notified in writing of all cancellations. Refund will be made after the conference:
Cancellation on or before 15 November* 2003: 50% refund
Cancellation after 15 November* 2003: No refund

Letter of Invitation

Upon request, the Organising Committee will issue a letter of invitation. The sole purpose of the letter is to facilitate the delegate's travel and visa arrangements. The invitation does not imply provision of financial or other support.

Certificate of Attendance

A certificate of attendance will be issued to all delegates.


The Organising Committee will not be liable for personal accidents, loss or damage to private properties of the delegates during the Conference. Participants should make their arrangements with respect to personal insurance.


Whilst every attempt would be made to ensure all aspects of the Congress mentioned in this announcement will take place as scheduled, the Organising Committee assumes no responsibility should it fail to materialise due to unforeseen circumstances.

Official Airline

Malaysia Airlines is providing discounted airfares to registered delegates and accompanying persons for its international services** to attend the Congress. Please contact the nearest Malaysia Airlines' office by quoting the conference code G*QJWZLL for further information and assistance. For your pre and post conference tours, Malaysia Airlines has attractive tour packages and economically priced Air Pass for travel within Malaysia or the region. You may also look up Malaysia Airlines' website address: www.malaysiaairlines.com.my
** This is not applicable for travel from Singapore and within Malaysia.


Free Communications

The Scientific Committee welcomes the submission of free communication abstracts for consideration for presentation at 8th Asian Pacific Society of Respirology Congress. Free Communications could be in the form of: a) Oral b) Poster. Deadline for submission of abstracts: 15 October 2003*

General guidelines for submission of Abstracts
  • No limit is imposed on the number of abstracts submitted by individuals.
  • Only the name of the presenting author will appear in the final congress programme.
  • Abstracts are to be submitted in English only.
  • Abstracts must be accompanied by payment of registration fees. If the abstract is subsequently not accepted for presentation, the registration fee will be refunded to the author in accordance with the cancellation policy.
  • Scheduling details and guidelines for the final preparation of accepted posters will be included with the notification of acceptance.
  • The final selection will be the responsibility of the Scientific Committee.
Where appropriate, the Abstracts should contain the following:
  • A statement of the objective(s) of the study.
  • A description of the methods used.
  • A summary of the results obtained.
  • A statement of the conclusions reached.
Instructions for preparation of Abstracts
  • The abstract must fit into the box provided in the Abstract Form (Form 3) using a font size of 11. Do not use italics.
  • Title must be in the CAPITAL letters on the first line. Do not indent.
  • Author(s) name(s) and institution(s). Do not include degrees of professional titles. A maximum of four (4) authors can be listed.
  • Underline the name of the presenting author.
  • Leave one line between the title/author/institution and the body of the abstract.
  • Text must be typed single-spaced, with only the left margin justified. Graphs, tables and illustrations cannot be included in the abstract.


About Malaysia

The Land
Located in the tropics, Malaysia straddles the South China Sea - Peninsular Malaysia is at the tip of mainland Southeast Asia, while the states of Sabah and Sarawak are on the island of Borneo. The nation's natural diversity offers visitors a range of attractions including beautiful beaches, idyllic islands, cool hill stations, historic towns, a dynamic capital and the world's oldest rainforests with an astounding diversity of flora and fauna.
The People
Malaysia is truly multicultural and one of its greatest resources is its rich cultural diversity. Malays number around half of the total population of over 21 million, while the other half comprises Chinese, Indians, Ibans, Kadazans and other ethnic groups.
Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) is the national and official language of the country. English is widely used all over the country. Other languages are Mandarin and Tamil.
The official religion of Malaysia is Islam. However, Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism and Christianity are widely practiced by the various races.
Climate and Clothing
Malaysia has an equatorial climate with uniform temperatures throughout the year. Temperatures range from 32°C during the day to 22°C during the night. It is slightly cooler in the hill country. Rainfall is common throughout the year, averaging 200 - 250 cm a year. Light comfortable clothing is the norm with lightweight woollens required for visits to highland areas.
Currency and Banking
The Malaysian Ringgit (RM) is issued in notes from RM 100 to RM 1, and coins from RM 1 to one sen (cents). Major credit cards are accepted in cities and large towns. Permitted currency limits are as follows:
  • A resident and non-resident is permitted to carry into and out of Malaysia, ringgit notes not exceeding RM 1000 per person.
  • There is no limit on the amount of foreign currency notes and travellers-cheques that can be brought into the country.
  • A resident is permitted to carry out of Malaysia foreign currency notes including travellers-cheques not exceeding RM10,000 equivalent per person.
  • A non-resident is permitted to carry out of Malaysia foreign currency notes including travellers-cheques not exceeding the amount brought in.

Banking hours (except for the states of Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu) are from 1000 to 1600, Monday to Friday, and 0930 to 1130 on Saturday except for the first and third Saturday of each month when banks are closed.

All commercial banks are authorized foreign exchange dealers, and licensed money changers are found in urban centres, key entry/exit points and shopping complexes. Foreign currency and travellers-cheques can also be exchanged at major hotels.

Getting around
Most international airlines fly in and out of Kuala Lumpur, with some also calling at Penang, Langkawi, Kota Kinabalu and Kuching. Malaysia Airlines operates numerous domestic services providing easy connections to destinations throughout to country. The centre of Kuala Lumpur is about 60 minutes by express bus or taxi from KLIA.

Peninsular Malaysia can be entered by road or rail from Singapore and Thailand. Driving is on the left. Most major car rental companies operate counters at KLIA, other airports and urban centres. Internal transport is efficient and cheap and includes air-conditioned express buses and long-distance taxi services.

Malaysia has efficient telephone, facsimile, telegraph, telex, email and airmail communications, both internally and internationally.
Standard Malaysian Time is eight hours ahead of GMT.
Electricity supply in Malaysia is 240-volt, 50 Hz.


Immigration Formalities


A valid passport (and visa if applicable) with a minimum of 6 months validity is required for all persons entering Malaysia. A valid passport is also necessary for travel between peninsular Malaysia and the East Malaysian States of Sahah and Sarawak, as well as between Sabah and Sarawak.


No visa is required for nationals of Commonwealth countries (except Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka), Republic of Ireland, Switzerland, Netherlands. Sam Marino and Liechtenstein.

No visa is required for stay not exceeding three months for nationals of: Algeria, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Czech Rep., Denmark, Egypt, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Korea Rep., Kuwait, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Morocco, North Yemen, Norway, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Slovak, Sweden, Tunisia, Turkey, U.A.E., U.S.A.

No visa is required for stay of not more than one month for nationals of all ASEAN Countries. For stay exceeding one month, visas will be required, except for nationals of Brunel and Singapore.

No visa is required for stay not exceeding one month for nationals of: Argentina, Angola, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Brazil, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Corsica, Costa Rica, Croatia, Djibouti, Dominica Rep., Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Gabon, Greece, Greenland, Guam, Guatemala, Guinea, Laos, Macedonia, Poland, Slovenia, South Africa, Zaire.

No visa is required for stay not exceeding 14 days for nationals of: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Libya, S. Yemen, Syria.

No visa is required for stay not exceeding 7 days for nationals of: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Byelorussia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kirghisztan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldavia. Romania, Russian Fed., Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Note: Nationals of Bangladesh, Bhutan, People's Republic of China, Cuba, India, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Vietnam, and Certificate of Identity (CI) holders must obtain a visa before entering Malaysia.


A disembarkation Card and a quarantine declaration card will be given out on all inbound nights. All visitors are required to complete the disembarkation card. The Quarantine Declaration Card must be completed by Malaysian citizens and all visitors. In addition, a Travellers Declaration Form (TDF) must be filled in by all arrival and departing travellers (including children) regardless of the amount of currency carried. It should be handed to the Immigration Officer together with disembarkation card, quarantine declaration Card and passport.
Customs Formalities
Visitors entering Malaysia for a period of not less than 72 hours except from Labuan (24 hrs) enjoy customs' exemption on the following purchases:
  • Wines, spirits/malt liquor not exceeding one litre
  • Tobacco not exceeding 225 gms or 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars
  • Footwear not exceeding one pair
  • Apparel not exceeding three pieces
  • One unit each of a portable electrical and/or battery operated appliance for personal hygiene
  • Food preparations to a total value not exceeding RM 75
  • Cosmetics and soap to a total value not exceeding RM 200
  • Souvenirs and gifts not exceeding RM 200 in value, except from Labuan and Langkawi where the total value shall not exceed RM500

Except for the last item, duty free items must be for personal use only. A 30% tax will be levied on items that exceed the above limits.

The following are duty free: fountain pens, cigarette lighters, printed books, newspapers, journals, perfume, skincare products, cosmetics, portable radio with sound recorder (weighing less than 10 kg with AC/DC) pocket and wrist watches, clocks, cameras, flashbulb. Flashlight apparatus, film in rolls, pocket calculator, (weighing less than 150 gms) video tapes (blank or recorded), cinema cameras, projectors, sound recorders, sound reproducers for films less than 16mm width including cameras for double 8mm films and video cameras.

The airport tax for domestic flights is RM 5 and for international flights is RM 40.


Optional Tours

Official Travel Agent
Prohighway Travel
No 7, Lorong Maarof 1, Bangsar Park, 59000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: +603 2283 1182 Fax: +603 2283 1191
Email: peter@prohighwav.com
LK City Tour

Duration: Approx 4 hours
Price: US$10
Pickup Time: 8:45 am & 1:45 pm
Min Pax: 11

The tour begins at the King's Palace where you can embark on a photo shoot with the palace in the background. Next stop is the House of Parliament followed by the National Monument which was built as a memorial to those who served to protect the country in its hour of need. You will then be whisked to the National Mosque, before proceeding to a visit of the Old Railway Station. Departing from the station your next stop win be the Moorish Styled Federal Court and thereafter the Tudor styled Cricket Club opposite the court before finally arriving at the Pewter Factory.

The Royal Selangor Pewter Factory has the largest pewter tankard in the world on view at its entrance. You will be taken on a tour of the factory where you will see workers demonstrating the method of making the alloy into decorative objects. Artistically designed accessories for the home are available for sale in the factory shop.

Country Tour

Duration: Approx 4 hours
Price: US$10
Pickup Time: 8:45 am & 1:45 pm
Min Pax: 11

Board the bus and head for Batu Caves. There you will experience plenty of myth and culture. Next, head for the Scorpion Farm and discover the amazing world of these arachnids. After visiting with the creepy, crawlies it's off to the Batik Factory to see how simple threads are woven into works of art and beauty. Continue on with the tour to the Orang Ash Museum, Malay Village (Rumah Pak Ali). The last stop will be the Royal Selangor Pewter Factory where you will be given a Factory Tour and be able to purchase articles from the factory shop.

Cultural Night Tour

Duration: Approx 4 hours
Price: US$23
Pickup Time: 8:20 am & 2:00 pm
Min Pax: 8

If you want to experience the Malaysian way of life, take this tour! This night tour contains a harmonious interwoven mixture of different races, culture and religions.

All your five senses will be stimulated, from the smell of the burning jasmine at The Sri Mahamariamman Temple to the hearing of the hectic haggling for merchandise at the open air bazaar of Chinatown. Indulge in a buffet dinner where a sumptuous variety of local delicacies await your taste buds. While you feast, you will be entertained to an array of Malaysian Cultural Performances.


Rain Forest Tour

Duration: Approx 4 hours
Price: US$27
Pickup Time: 8:45 am
Min Pax: 6

This lush, 1,528 hectares of greenery, lie just 16 km northwest of Kuala Lumpur or half hour's drive from the city centre. Here, you have the opportunity to experience first hand, a tropical rain forest.

Although not a public park in a real sense (it was actually set up in 1929 as a forest reserve, meant for research), the rain forest area has many attractions and with easy accessibility attracts many local as well as overseas visitors.

Malacca Full Day Tour

Duration: Approx 7 hours
Price: US$26
Pickup Time: 8:45 am
Min Pax: 13

A pleasant 2-hour journey will take you to the beginning of Malaysian history. History goes back as far as 500 Years in Malacca and you wm discover many remnants of Malaysian History present here.

You will be taken to St. Peter's Church built in 1710. This is the oldest Christian Church in Malaysia. You will also visit the largest 17th century Chinese cemetery outside of China, located at Bukit China or Chinese Hill followed by the famous gateway "Porta De Santiago", the ruins of St. Paul's Church lined by 17th Century Dutch tombstones and the "Red Square" - the salmon-pink Dutch administrative building which today houses the Melaka Museum and some other government offices.

You win also visit Christchurch, the Sultan's Well, the Cheng Hoon Teng Temple which is also known as the "Abode of the Green Merciful Clouds". You will even have time to take a stroll along Melaka's "jonker antique street" and maybe even pick up some bargains. The tour ends by the banks of the Melaka River.

Genting Full Day Tour

Duration: Approx 4 hours
Price: US$23
Pickup Time: 8:45 am
Min Pax: 11

Amidst the freshness of cool, crisp mountain air approximately 6,000 feet above sea level lies Malaysia's only casino resort. Fringed by one of the oldest tropical jungles in the world, you can try your luck at Blackjack, Keno, Roulette or a host of other casino games.

If tempting lady luck is not your cup of tea, then take time off to enjoy the numerous recreational facilities of the outdoor and indoor theme parks available here. Whichever one you choose, you will find more than just tingling freshness.


Kuala Selangor Firefly Tour

Duration: Approx 4 hours
Price: US$53
Pickup Time: 4:15 pm
Min Pax: 6

Proceed to Kuala Selangor town in the quiet hamlet of Kampung Kuantan, site of one of the largest firefly colonies in the world. You will visit "Kota Melawati" formerly known as "Fort Altinsburg", the execution block, royal mausoleum and colonial buildings. A bird sanctuary park is located at the foot of Bukit Melawati. This is an ideal place for bird-watchers to watch local as well as migratory birds. Also found here are silvered-leaf monkeys well as many varieties of butterflies.

You will be rowed upstream in a small boat in the quiet darkness to witness the fireflies on the 'blinking trees'. This scintillating display of fireflies portrays an image of a flashing Christmas tree. The synchronized, rhythmic flashing is produced by the thousands of fireflies found in the mangrove swamp of Kampung Kuantan. The skill local boatman will make this experience a truly memorable and cherished one.

Garden Tour

Duration: Approx 4 hours
Price: Adult - US$27, Child - US$22
Pickup Time: 8:30 am & 2:00 pm
Min Pax: 5

Visit the serene and scenic natural Lake Gardens, the living tropical paradise in the heart of bustling Kuala Lumpur. An educational tour of flora and fauna which includes the Hibiscus garden and Orchid garden which consists of over 500 species and hybrids, The Butterfly Park and The Bird Park have the Worlds Largest walk in Free Flight Aviary with approx 3,000 birds of 200 species from all over the world.


Pre / Post Conference Tours

Taman Negara (3 days / 2 nights)
Price: US$220 per person
Package includes: Transfer from hotel (KL) to Taman Negara; Full meals; 2 nights accommodation; Activities provided by nature guide
Hotel: Mutiara Taman Negara Resort

Taman Negara National Park, Malaysia Premier National Park, covers 4,343 square kilometres covering Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu state. Taman Negara National Park is 130 million years old and claims to be the oldest rain forest in the world.

The highest mountain in the Peninsula, Gunung Tahan which is 2,186 meters high stands in the park. Covered with primary jungle and scattered limestone outcrop, Taman Negara is truly the outdoor destination for holidaymakers.

Langkawi Island (3 days / 2 nights)
Price: US$271 per person
Package includes: Return air ticket (KL/Langkawi/KL); Daily breakfast; Island tour; 2 nights accommodation; Airport transfer (at Langkawi only)
Hotel: Sheraton Langkawi Beach Resort

Lying off the north-western coast of Peninsular Malaysia, Langkawi comprises a group of 99 islands, each with its own natural appeal. Langkawi is a treasure trove for visitors due to its idyllic setting, legends and myths. Among the prominent ones are Pulau Dayang Bunting (isle of the Pregnant Maiden), Pulau Singa Besar - a wildlife sanctuary, Pulau Puyar - a marine Park and Pulau Beras Basah (Isle of Wet Rice).

Pulau Langkawi is also an ideal spot for holiday escapades with its fine white sandy beaches, blue green waters and enchanting marine life beneath the waters. Plenty of duty free goods are available to purchase especially in the town of Kuah, the main town, which is a shopping haven for locals and visitors alike.


Penang Island (3 days / 2 nights)
Price: US$271 per person
Package includes: Return air ticket (KL/Penang/KL); Daily breakfast; Island tour; 2 nights accommodation; Airport transfer (at Penang only)
Hotel: Rasa Sayang Beach Resort

Bounded on the north and east by Kedah state, Penang is one of the 13 states of the Federation of Malaysia located on the north-west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Traditionally known as 'The Pearl of the Orient', Penang comprises Pulau Pinang (Betel Nut Island or Penang Island) and a thin strip on the mainland, called Seberang Prai (Province Wellesley).

Penang has a potpourri of Malay, Chinese, Indian and Nyonya cultures. Georgetown, named after King George III of England, is the seat of administration and also the commercial hub of the state situated in Penang Island, which was originally named Prince of Wales Island. This bustling metropolitan city combines the best of east and west as seen in its fascinating collection of fine old buildings, each bearing the stamp of different foreign influences in its colourful history such as Khoo Kongsi, Kapitan Keling Mosque, Fort Cornwallis and many others.

All types of water sports can be found in Penang, which owes much of its fame to its fine beaches.

Pangkor Island (3 days / 2 nights)
Price: US$240 per person
Package includes: Return air ticket (KL/Pangkor/KL); Daily breakfast; 2 nights accommodation; Airport transfer (at Pangkor only)
Hotel: Pan Pacific Pangkor Resort

Pangkor Island lies west of Peninsular Malaysia facing the estuary of Sungai Air Tawar. Pangkor Island is an idyllic and beautiful island, a paradise for a carefree and relaxing holiday with its enchanting beaches, crystalline blue waters and cool refreshing breeze especially on the western coastline, such as Pantai Puteri Dewi, Teluk Belanga, Teluk Nipah or Teluk Cempedak. One can just swim or bask in the sun with complete privacy amidst tranquil surroundings.

Facing the mainland on the east coast, there is a continuous village strip comprising Sungai Pinang Kecil (SPK), Sungai Pinang Besar (SPB) and Pangkor Town. Cluttered but full of interest, one can look at boat-building, fish being dried or frozen as well as a colourful south Indian temple. There is also the added attraction of the Mini Great Wall of China with its rock paintings and other features of dubious artistic merit found in Foo Lin Kong Temple located in SPB.


Redang Island (3 days / 2 nights)
Price: US$290 per person
Package includes: Return air ticket (KL/Kuala Terengganu/KL); Daily breakfast; 2 nights accommodation; Airport transfer (KT/Jetty/Redang4etty/KT)
Hotel: Berjaya Redang Beach Resort

Located 45 km north-east off the coast of Kuala Terengganu, The Redang Archipelago comprises Redang Island, Pinang Island, Ling Island, Ekor Tebu Island, Kerengga Besar Island, Kerengga Kecil Island, Paku Besar Island, Paku Kecil Island and Lima Island.

Relatively undeveloped and unspoiled, Redang Island provides excellent opportunities for snorkeling, scuba diving, jungle trekking coupled with a range of other sports to keep one occupied. If activity is not your idea of a holiday, then just relax and enjoy the glistening white beaches. The real fantasy island lies beneath the water surrounding the 9 islands. Under the crystal clear water are splendid coral gardens filled with corals (both hard and soft), foliose and gargonian in the shallower regions along with a captivating variety of fascinating tropical fish, unspoiled reefs and many types of sea creatures awaits to be explored.

Kota Kinabalu (3 days / 2 nights)
Price: US$400 per person
Package includes: Return air ticket (KL/Kota Kinabalu/KL); 2 nights accommodation; Daily breakfast; Day tour; Return transfer airport/hotel/airport
Hotel: Shangri-La Tanjung Aru Resort

Kota Kinabalu, formerly known as Jesselton, is the capital of the state of Sabah. With a population of 200,000, it is the gateway to East Malaysia with direct non-stop flights to and from Seoul, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Taipei, Manila, Brunei, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and Kuching.

Tanjong Aru is one of the many beautiful West Coast beaches, and just off shore less than half an hour's boat ride lie the five islands of the Tunku Abdul Rahman Park. Beautiful white sandy beaches, coral reefs and myriads of underwater creatures abound. Back in town every Sunday morning is the Gaya Street Fair, where local delicacies, handicrafts and antiques, as well as clothes, furniture and a whole host of other goods can be bought. But you should be there by 8.00 am. Constructed with a resplendent dome, the Sabah State Mosque which is located on the way to the airport is a famous landmark.

For the sports enthusiasts there are of course the water sports - snorkelling, diving, sailing and wind-surfing. Two fine golf clubs exist, one at Tanjung Aru (9 holes) and the other, the 18-hole Sabah Golf & Country Club at Bukit Padang. There is also the Kinabalu Yacht Club at Tanjung Aru and large sports complex at Likas, with full facilities. You could also try the night market in town which starts about 7.00 pm. Not only are Clothes, souvenirs and handicrafts available, the eating stalls can also be good.


Kuching (3 days / 2 nights)
Price: US$322 per person
Package includes: Return air ticket (KL/Kuching/KL); 2 nights accommodation; Daily breakfast; Day tour; Return transfer airport/hotel/airport
Hotel: Kuching Hilton Hotel

It has justly been described as the most attractive city in Southeast Asia. Or, as one visitor described it: "It's like living in a garden". That's Kuching, Sarawak's capital, one of the most liveable and people-friendly cities in the region. Kuching, its name means cat in Malay, has all the modern amenities without losing its old world charm. Multi-storey buildings blend with structures from colonial days and the colorful Malay and Chinese shop houses.

A stroll along the Waterfront at any time of day is a good start for a tour on foot around the city. It's a very walkable place with none of the traffic snarls or pollution of other Asian centers.

Eating is a favourite pastime with Kuching's people and there's such a variety to chose from, Western, Malay, Chinese, Indian. Try the roadside stalls or the food outlets in the malls. Try satay, one of the bewildering variety of noodles or the ubiquitous chicken rice. Be adventurous. Wherever you eat it's perfectly safe.