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5th Congress of the APSR

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Sydney, 1998

This congress was held at the Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, on 9-12 October 1998.

Congress websites remain online for a limited period after the event. Therefore for posterity, the following links are reproduced from the congress Programme.

Given the size and complexity of such events, it is inevitable that there were last minute changes. Consequently there is no guarantee that all the sessions detailed actually took place in the form advertised.

Information that is unlikely to be of further interest, such as hotel booking, transportation arrangements to the venue, etc., has been omitted.

Left to right
Back row:
Wah Kit Lam, Norbert Berend
Second row:
Yoshinosuke Fukuchi, Kwen-Tay Luh, Suchai Charoenratanakul, Adji Widjaya, Hadiarto Mangunnegoro, Young-Soo Shim, Patrick Barron, Hideko Sato-Cochrane
Front row:
Wan-Cheng Tan, John Paul Seale, Ann Janet Woolcock, Wei-Ci Luo, Deborah Yates, Shiro Kira, Teresita de Guia

(The following appeared in the Registration, Preliminary Programme & Call For Papers, 1998)

Sponsors to Date
Timetable and Deadlines
Address for Communications
Programme at a Glance
Advance Programme
Exhibition and Sponsors
Official Airline
Social Programme
Optional Tours Programme
Post Congress Tours
Reservation, Booking and Final Details
Call for Abstracts - Oral & Poster


The Asian Pacific Society of Respirology

Sponsors to Date

The 5th Congress of The Asian Pacific Society of Respirology extends its appreciation to the following Sponsors for their support:

Principal Sponsors
  • Astra Pharmaceuticals
  • GIaxo Wellcome
  • Rhone-Poulenc Rorer
  • Boehringer Ingelheim
  • Qantas


APSR Committee
APSR 5th Congress President:J. Paul Seale
APSR President:Wei-Ci Luo
Past President:Wan-Cheng Tan
President Elect:Ann J. Woolcock
Secretary General:Shiro Kira
Treasurer:Yoshinosuke Fukuchi
Organising Committee
Chairman:J. Paul Seale
Committee:Chris W. Clarke
Jon Burdon
Scientific Programme Committee:Norbert Berend
J Paul Seale
Wan-Cheng Tan
Ann J. Woolcock
Debbie H. Yates

Timetable and Deadlines

Early Registration:10 July 1998
Accommodation:10 July 1998
Tours:07 August 1998
Post Congress Tours:07 August 1998
Abstracts:03 April 1998
Late Registration:08 October 1998
Congress Opens:09 October 1998
Congress Closes:12 October 1998

Address for Communications

5th APSR Congress Secretariat
GPO Box l28
Telephone: (61) 2 9262 2277 Fax: (6l) 2 9262 3135
Email: apsr98@tourhosts.com.au


Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre
Darling Drive, Darling Harbour, Sydney
Telephone (61) 2 9282 5000 Fax: (61) 2 9282 504l


Paul Seale

The Asian Pacific Society of Respirology (APSR) extends you a warm invitation to attend its 5th APSR Congress in Sydney in the October springtime of 1998. I know that you will enjoy the educational and scientific aspects of the Meeting as it has been carefully planned to address relevant issues for our Region. The programme will feature leading respiratory clinicians and scientists from our own Region, together with experts from Europe and the United States. It will comprise plenary symposia, oral communications and posters which will be critically appraised in poster discussion sessions.

This Congress will be an opportunity to build on the friendship and professional collaborations which have been initiated at previous APSR Congresses. The Society has members in more than 15 countries in the Region so we hope that there will be representatives from all these countries in attendance.

The Congress will be held at the Sydney Convention Centre, a first class purpose built facility which is situated in the heart of the city and on the foreshores of the beautiful harbour. Accommodation has been reserved in a range of high quality hotels within easy walking distance of the Convention Centre. Sydney, which enjoys a reputation for international cuisine and excellent wines at modest prices, promises a warm climate in October and friendly local hospitality.

The Organising Committee is honoured to be staging the 5th APSR Congress in Sydney in 1998 and we look forward to welcoming you here.

J. Paul Seale

Ann Janet Woolcock

I extend a personal welcome to my friends in the Asian Pacific region and particularly to those who are members of the APSR. The Society has developed to the point where it can play a role in the life of respiratory physicians and scientists in our area with meetings, workshops, a newsletter and the journal Respirology. The Sydney Organising Committee has planned a meeting which it hopes mill be of interest to most members and that you will find very stimulating. I hope that you will come and enjoy a visit to Sydney and perhaps to other parts of Australia. I look forward to greeting you all.

Ann J. Woolcock

Programme at a Glance

Friday 9th October 1998
1300-1800Registration/Information & Tours Desk Open
1700-1800Opening Ceremony
1800-2000Welcome Reception
Saturday 10th October 1998
0800-1630Registration/Information & Tours Desk Open
0830-1630Symposia, Oral and Poster Sessions
1630-1830Astra Symposium
1930-2400Congress Dinner at Sydney Harbour Casino
Sunday 11th October 1998
0800-1630Registration/Information & Tours Desk Open
0830-1630Symposia, Oral and Poster Sessions
1630-1830Glaxo Wellcome Symposium
Monday 12th October 1998
0800-1630Registration/Information & Tours Desk Open
0830-1630Symposia, Oral and Poster Sessions
1630-1700Closing Ceremony

Advance Programme

Friday 9th October 1998
1300-1800Registration/Information & Tours Desk Open
1700-1800Opening Ceremony
1800-2000Welcome Reception
Saturday 10th October 1998
0800-1630Registration/Information & Tours Desk Open
Symposium 1:Smoking and Lung Disease:
What are the Questions?
  • to explore the differences in prevalence of smoking related diseases in different populations
  • to distill relevant research questions to begin to explore these differences
1000-1030Morning Tea, Poster and Exhibition Viewing
Symposium 2:Lung Transplant
  • to describe current indications, surgical techniques and prognosis
  • to explain medical assessment in pre and post operative period
Oral Communications
1230-1400Lunch, Poster and Exhibition Viewing
Symposium 3:Lung Volume Reduction Surgery (LVRS)
  • to review the European experience
  • outline the relevant clinical indications and prospects for LVRS in the region
Oral Communications & Poster Discussion
1600-1630Afternoon Tea, Poster and Exhibition Viewing
1630-1830Astra Sponsored Afternoon - Evening Symposium
1930-2400Congress Dinner at Sydney Harbour Casino
Sunday 11th October 1998
0800-1630Registration/Information & Tours Desk Open
Symposium 4:Tuberculosis
  • to explain strategies for improving the global picture of TB
  • to outline new knowledge surrounding the biology of mycobacteria
  • to describe recent advances in the understanding of the immune response to mycobacteria
Symposium 5:ARDS
  • to outline current theories on aetiology and pathogenesis
  • to describe current and future management strategies
1000-1030Morning Tea, Poster and Exhibition Viewing
Symposium 6:HIV and the Lung
  • to present what is known of the prevalence of HIV in the region
  • to describe public health and patient management strategies
Oral Communications
1230-1400Lunch, Poster and Exhibition Viewing
Symposium 7:Immunology of the Lung
  • to explain immunological switching in the mouse and its possible relevance to humans
  • to explain the basic immunology of typical lung diseases
Oral Communications
Symposium 8:Sleep Medicine: Implications for Cardiovascular Disease
  • to explain the relationship between CV disease and sleep apnoea
  • to describe relevant approaches to investigation and management
Oral Communications
1600-1630Afternoon Tea, Poster and Exhibition Viewing
1630-1830Glaxo Wellcome Sponsored Afternoon - Evening Symposium
Monday 12th October 1998
0800-1630Registration/Information & Tours Desk Open
0830-0930Plenary Lecture
  1. Animal Models of Asthma are Useful
  2. Induced Sputum is the Window on Asthma
  3. Respiratory Muscles - Do They Fatigue?
1000-1030Morning Tea, Poster and Exhibition Viewing
Symposium 9:Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) in Childhood
  • to describe current measures to reduce the burden of ARI
  • to outline future strategies such as immunisation
Oral Communications
1230-1400Lunch, Poster and Exhibition Viewing
Symposium 10:Asthma: The Role of Infection
  • review evidence whether early infant infections protect against or initiate development of childhood asthma
Oral Communications
1600-1630Afternoon Tea, Poster and Exhibition Viewing
1630-1700Closing Ceremony


Participation is open to all persons interested in respiratory sciences and medicine. Those who wish to attend the Congress should fill in the Registration Form and return it to the Secretariat. Each registrant must fill in a separate form. A clean photocopy of the form will be accepted, or additional forms can be obtained from the Secretariat.

Please note that all persons intending to attend the Congress must register, including invited Paper Presenters, Committee Members, Chairpersons and other Presenters. Please read through this booklet carefully before you complete your form. Remember to send your completed registration form and the payment of your fees by AIRMAIL.

Registration Fees (per delegate)

Before 10 July 1998A$550.00A$625.00A$250.00
Before 8 October 1998A$650.00A$725.00A$300.00
On-site RegistrationA$725.00A$800.00A$350.00
All Congress Sessions
Congress Programme
Congress Delegate List 
Book of Abstracts 
Congress Satchel 
Welcome Reception & Opening Ceremony 
Lunch, Morning & Afternoon Teas
APSR Membership (1 year)  

*The extra A$75.00 for Non-Members entitles the delegate to membership for one year of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.

Payment of Fees

International: Payments from overseas must be made by credit card (MasterCard or Visa) or bank draft in Australian Dollars only drawn on an Australian Bank. The bank draft should be made payable to the 5th APSR Congress with your name and full address typed or printed clearly on the back of the draft. Please do not pay your fees by direct transfer.

Within Australia: Payment of fees must accompany all registrations and may be made by personal cheque or credit card. Bankcard, MasterCard and Visa are the only credit cards accepted at the congress. Cheques should be made payable to the 5th APSR Congress.


Your registration will be acknowledged in writing with confirmation of your requirements according to your registration form. Bookings will be confirmed only on receipt of payment.

You will not receive any further publications before the congress. Your letter of acknowledgment will include any further advice necessary prior to your arrival at the Congress. At the Congress you will receive the final programme, the book of abstracts/congress documentation and a list of delegates.

Cancellations and Refunds

Cancellations must be notified in writing to the Secretariat.

Cancellations received:

  • Before 10 July l998 will incur a A$100.00 cancellation fee.
  • Before 28 August 1998 will receive a 50% refund of fees paid.
  • After 28 August 1998 there will be no refund.
Entrance to Congress

Each delegate of the Congress will receive a name badge on registration. The badge will be your official pass and must be worn to obtain entry to all sessions and to social functions.

Letter of Invitation

On request, the Organising Committee will send a letter of invitation to participate in the Congress. Such an invitation is extended specifically to assist participants to obtain travel funds or appropriate visas and does not imply any commitment on the part of the Organiser to provide financial support. Please complete Section H of the registration form to request a letter. The letter will be forwarded to you with confirmation of your registration.

Registration and Information/Tours Desk

The Registration Desk will be located in the Sydney Convention Centre on level 2 and will operate as follows:

  • Fri 09 October 1998: 1300-1800
  • Sat 10 October 1998: 0800-1630
  • Sun 11 October 1998: 0830-1630
  • Mon 12 October 1998: 0830-1630

The Secretariat will be on-site for enquiries at other times. A Tours Desk will operate during Congress hours.


Registration fees do not include insurance of any kind. It is strongly recommended that at the time you register for the Congress and book your travel you take out an insurance policy of your choice. The policy should include loss of fees/deposit through cancellation of your participation in the Congress, or through cancellation of the Congress, loss of international/domestic air fares through cancellation for any reason, loss of tour monies through cancellation for any reason including airline or related services strikes within Australia, failure to utilise tours or pre-booked arrangements due to airline delay, Force Majeure or any other reason, medical expenses, loss or damage to personal property, additional expenses and repatriation should travel arrangements have to be altered. The Congress secretariat cannot take any responsibility for any participant failing to arrange their own insurance. This insurance is to be purchased in your country of origin.

Exhibition and Sponsors

A trade exhibition will be held during the Congress. A list of exhibitors will be provided at the Congress. Companies are also invited to take up Congress sponsorship. For more information on exhibition and sponsorship opportunities contact the Secretariat on telephone (61) 2 9262 2277 or fax (61) 2 9262 3135.

Official Airline


Qantas Airways Limited has been appointed the Official Airline. Under this arrangement Qantas offices in all parts of the world will be pleased to discuss with you or your travel agent any special travel requirements and itineraries, and will explain air fare structures for the most economical travel to suit your needs. Please quote the reference code - CIC*461/37


Special discounted fares of up to 45% off the normal full economy class air fares have been negotiated for delegates (subject to availability at the time of booking) attending the 5th Congress of The Asian Pacific Society of Respirology, Sydney, 1998. Please quote the following reference code and receive the applicable discount or any special fares at the time - 1279129. Please call the Qantas Association Sales Desk on: 1800 684 880 (Australia wide) and they will assist.


Accommodation (single, twin, double) has been reserved for delegates at the following hotels: (see map)

1. Hotel Nikko
Darling Harbour *****
A$225sgl/twn/dblCity View
A$235sgl/twn/dblDarling Harbour View
2. Parkroyal at
Darling Harbour ****
3. NovoteI
Darling Harbour ****
A$195sgl/twn/dblPyrmont View
A$220sgl/twn/dblDarling Harbour View
4. Furama Hotel
Darling Harbour ***
5. Ibis
Darling Harbour ***
A$140sgl/twn/dblPyrmont View
A$160sgl/twn/dblDarling Harbour View
6. Waldorf
Apartments ****
A$190one b/rm 
A$240two b/rm 
7. Central
Railway Motel
8. Unilodge/Sydney
Campus Apartments

Please note: Rates may increase without notice due to changes in Government charges, taxes or levies. Delegates will be required to pay any difference on checkout.

Sydney Harbour map

Accommodation held by the Secretariat has been secured at advantageous rates for Congress delegates. Only bookings made through the Secretariat will secure these rates.


"Double" (dbl) refers to a room with one double bed. "Twin" (twn) refers to a room with two beds. "Single" (sgl) refers to a single occupancy room. Accommodation rates are room only and do not include breakfast unless otherwise specified.


Hotel accommodation bookings must be accompanied by a first night's deposit in order to secure your reservation. Your deposit will be passed on to the hotel. Delegates must settle the balance of their account with the hotel concerned on checkout.

Deposits for accommodation will not be accepted by the Secretariat after 25 September l998. Any money for accommodation received after this time will be refunded to the delegate and payment must be made direct to the hotel.

How To Book

To book please complete Section C of your registration form, giving your first preference as requested. The secretariat will forward your reservation and deposit to the hotel of your choice.

Change of Booking

Any change or cancellation of a reservation must be made in writing to the Secretariat and not directly to the hotel. Please note changes will not be accepted by the Secretariat after 25 September 1998.

Late Arrivals

Please indicate on your registration form or notify the Secretariat in writing if you will arrive at your hotel after 1800 hours, failure to do so may mean that your room will be released.

Arrival Time

Many international flights arrive into Australia in the early morning. Hotel check-in time is 1500 hours. If you are to arrive before this time it is probable that you will not be able to gain access to your room. To guarantee a room to be available for an early arrival you will need to pre-register your room for the night before. If required please indicate on your registration form.


The deposit is non-refundable after 28 August l998 and will be forfeited if you do not arrive on the date for which you have booked.

Social Programme

The Welcome Reception is included in the registration fee for delegates. If you require additional tickets please complete Section D of your Registration Form.

Friday, 9 0ctober 1998 - Welcome Reception 1800-2000

Venue: Harbourside Room, Sydney Convention Centre

Dress: Casual

An invitation is extended to all delegates to attend the Welcome Reception in the Harbourside Room at the Sydney Convention Centre. Whilst overlooking the waterfront promenade and enjoying harbour and city skyline views renew old friendships and make new acquaintances as we welcome you to Sydney.

Additional tickets: A$50.00

Saturday, 10 0ctober 1998 - Congress Dinner 1930-2400

Venue: Sydney Harbour Casino

Dress: Smart Casual

The Congress Dinner is a subsidised event for registered persons. If you would like to attend please Complete Section D of your Registration Form. A memorable highlight of the Congress is the Dinner in the Grand Harbour Ballroom at the Sydney Harbour Casino one of Sydney's most exciting venues. Savour a five-star three course dinner and enjoy Australian entertainment whilst enjoying spectacular harbour and city views. An ideal opportunity to mingle and meet fellow delegates.

Registered delegate tickets: A$25.00

Additional tickets: A$110.00 (not registered).

Optional Tours Programme

1. Sydney at its Best

Friday 9 October 1998, 1230-1630

Sydney is undoubtedly one of the world's most beautiful and stunning harbour cities. The Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge offer a dramatic backdrop to the sailing boats and ferries cruising the sparkling waters of the magnificent harbour. On this concise tour let us introduce you to the beauty, charm and style of our cosmopolitan gateway to Australia.

See restored colonial buildings in The Rocks, Australia's oldest settlement; the Sydney Harbour Bridge; the Botanic Gardens and Mrs Macquarie's Chair (a special seat carved by convicts into the sandstone rock for the first Governor's wife) which has perfect views of the Opera House with the harbour and Harbour Bridge in the background.

Travel through some of Sydney's exclusive Eastern suburbs - Darling Point, Double Bay, Rose Bay and Vaucluse - with their magnificent homes and fine harbour views on the way to famous Bondi Beach, a haven for surfers and sun lovers.

Your tour will include a visit to a jewellery store specialising in Australian opals, pearls, Argyle diamonds and gold. Watch a demonstration of opal cutting and polishing before returning to Darling Harbour.

TOUR COST: A$4l.00 per person

2. Wildlife Tour

Tuesday 13 October 1998, 0830-1230

Today experience the 'Bushman's' way of life as he works with his highly trained sheep dogs and demonstrates whip cracking in a real Aussie Woodshed. See sheep shearing with a difference - old against new, an exciting race between traditional blade shears and modern electric shears.

After an 'Aussie' bush tea, spend time meeting our native animals, including emus, dingoes, and crocodiles in their natural surroundings.

The perfect opportunity for a close encounter with koalas, to hand feed kangaroos, pat the wombats and talk to the cockatoos.

TOUR COST: A$52.00 per person

3. Blue Mountains

Tuesday 13 October 1998, 0830-1730

No visit to Sydney is complete without a day in the Blue Mountains. Our first stop is at a wildlife park for the opportunity of meeting our native animals face to face. The perfect opportunity for a close encounter with koalas, kangaroos, wombats and wallabies. As we continue west, we cross the Nepean River at the foot of the Great Dividing Range and commence our ascent passing through the delightful townships of Blaxland and Lawson before stopping at Wentworth Falls.

Enjoy the highly acclaimed destinational movie 'The Edge', presented on an l8 metre high and 24 metre wide screen. 'The Edge' will take you to parts of the Blue Mountains National Park never seen before by visitors to the region, Be among the first to discover the Wollemi pines, the world's oldest living trees, only discovered by scientists in l994. Today only 40 trees exist and they can't be seen anywhere else on the planet.

A delicious 2 course lunch awaits at a nearby restaurant, resting high in the crystal clear air of the BIue Mountains. Enjoy sweeping views of the Jamison Valley and relax in the tranquil setting.

Prior to returning to Sydney stop for spectacular vistas of the most startling sandstone formations and valleys for which the BIue Mountains are famous, including Echo Point and The Three Sisters.

TOUR COST: A$96.00 per person

Day Tours

These tours, designed by Tour Hosts Pty Limited are for participating delegates. All sightseeing tours include the services of a guide, all entry fees and lunches on full day tours.

Where participants cancel their day tour bookings prior to Friday 7 August l998 payment will be refunded in full, thereafter no refunds will be made.

Comfortable shoes and clothing are recommended for all tours. For any outdoor or walking tours we recommend that participants bring sun protection cream, sunhat and sunglasses. AII tours depart from the Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre and it is requested that all participants assemble at the 'Tour Departure Point' 10 minutes prior to departure.

AII tours are based on a minimum number of participants. If minimum numbers are not reached, alternative arrangements or a complete refund will be made.

DISCLAIMER: The services specified in these day tours are available at the time of writing. However, in the event that any service(s) become unavailable for any reason, Tour Hosts will make every effort to supply alternative services of an equal standard and value but cannot accept any responsibility for failure to provide the specified services. Please check the Congress program or the tours notice board at the congress, for any changes to the published tours and tour times.

Post Congress Tours

Island Escape

Heron Island, situated 72kms off the Queensland coast on the Great Barrier Reef, is a 17 hectare coral cay surrounded by 24 square kilometres of reef. Due to its abundance of spectacular bird and marine life, the island has been declared a Marine National Park.

Tuesday 13 October (L, D)

Transfer from your hotel to Sydney airport. On arrival in Gladstone board your helicopter for a spectacular 30 minute journey over the Great Barrier Reef to Heron Island.

Accommodation: Heron Island (Reef Suite), 3 nights.

Wednesday 14 - Thursday 15 October (B, L, D daily)

Heron Island has much to offer guests such as scuba diving, snorkelling, coral reef walking and/or viewing from a semi-submersible boat. Guided island walks and nature nights will introduce you to the abundant and ever changing wildlife. Other activities include fishing, bird watching and tennis.

Every night there is something organised from live bands to games and bush dancing.

Friday 16 October (B, L)

At leisure until time for your return helicopter transfer to Gladstone to meet your outbound flight.

Tour Cost:

(Based on a min. of 2 passengers)
A$1238.00 per person in twin share accommodation
A$1441.00 per person in single room.

The following flight is recommended for this tour: 13 October SYD/BNE/GLT QF502 0635/0955hrs (Correct at time of printing, and subject to change)

PLEASE NOTE - The helicopter will only transfer in daylight, so should there be a flight delay on your flight INTO Brisbane, this could prevent you from being transferred to the island as scheduled. We recommend you take the suggested flight to avoid disappointment.

The Red Centre

Called the Heart of the Nation, the 'Red Centre' is arid, dramatic, vast, a land of extremes and home of that spectacular and famous geological mass, Uluru (Ayers Rock), Kata Tjuta (the Olgas) and other scenic wonders...

Tuesday 13 October (D)

Transfer from your hotel to Sydney Airport. On arrival in Ayers Rock transfer to your hotel. In the afternoon visit Kata Tjuta (the Olgas), an unusually shaped and geologically ancient mountain range, for a walk through the Valley of the Winds. Watch the sunset whilst enjoying a cool glass of champagne. A gourmet barbecue is served in the quietest restaurant in the world under the desert stars.

Accommodation: Desert Gardens, Ayers Rock 1 night.

Wednesday 14 October (B)

Collect your breakfast backpack - perfect for this morning's activities and yours to keep. Depart early to view the sunrise over Ayers Rock and for the opportunity to climb to its peak. 'The Rock' is the world's largest monolith being 348 metres high and 8.5km in circumference. Tour the base to discover ancient Aboriginal caves adorned in rock paintings and carvings. In the afternoon journey to Alice Springs through this vast and arid country, arriving early evening.

Accommodation: Plaza Hotel, Alice Springs 2 nights.

Thursday 15 October (B)

This morning learn about the Aboriginal people in their traditional environment. Be tempted by a variety of bush tucker and listen to their Dreamtime stories. In the afternoon join a town tour of Alice Springs, a thriving town right in the heart of the Australian desert. A visit to the Old Telegraph Station, Royal Flying Doctor Base and School of the Air will give you an insight to life in the Australian outback.

Friday 16 October (B)

Morning at leisure before transferring to the airport to join your departure flight.

Tour Cost:

(Based on a min. of 2 passengers)
A$850.00 per person in twin share accommodation
A$1183.00 per person single room

The following flight is recommended for this tour: 13 October SYD/AYQ QF412 0940/1250hrs (Correct at time of printing, and subject to change)

Far North Queensland

North of Cairns is one of the most beautiful and scenic environments of Australia. This meeting place of rare and ancient rain forest and the earth's largest living coral structure forms a narrow peninsular which has a unique flavour all of its own. The Port Douglas area maintains its old style ambience of relaxed, timbered buildings, sweeping palms entwined with vivid bougainvillaea and shabby fishing vessels pulled-up on endless beaches.

Tuesday 13 October (D)

Transfer from your hotel to Sydney Airport. On arrival in Cairns experience views of the coral sea beaches fringed by the Great Barrier Reef and rain forest mountains during your transfer to your destination Radisson Treetops Resort. The remainder of the day is at leisure to discover this magnificent resort. A place to relax amongst giant trees with luxuriant foliage offering filtered green shadows in the warmth of the tropical sun. The Resort is close to the magnificent 4 mile beach offering an exciting range of water activities such as sailing, windsurfing, and surfskiing, or just relax in the lagoon pool.

Tonight a gourmet feast awaits you in Treetops Restaurant nestled high amongst the trees.

Accommodation: Radisson Treetops Resort 3 nights.

Wednesday 14 October (B, L)

Today enjoy a cruise to the Outer Barrier Reef. The Great Barrier Reef is a living phenomenon. The coral presents a beautiful picture of colours intermixed and made more startling by the spectacular shapes of the coral. Shell fish of all kinds, ranging from great clams to tiny cowries, cling to the reef while shoals of brightly coloured tropical fish dart through the coral gardens. View this underwater wonderland from the comfort of the glass bottom boat, swim, snorkel or dive (at extra cost). Buffet lunch and morning/afternoon tea are included.

Thursday 15 October (B)

Join a 4WD Wilderness Safari to Cape Tribulation, where the rain forest meets the sea, with long stretches of sandy beaches and rocky headlands. The National Park covers almost 17,000ha, extending along the coast between the BIoomfield and Daintree Rivers. Your naturalist guide will introduce you to many of the rare birds, mammals, insects and amphibians. Cruise along the Daintree River through the world's oldest tropical rain forest and perhaps you may see some crocodiles... Journey up through Alexandra and Noahs Ranges to Cape Tribulation for lunch. Enjoy a rain forest walk and take advantage of the perfect photograph opportunities.

Friday 16 October (B)

Transfer to the airport for your departure flight.

Tour Cost:

(Based on a min. of 2 passengers)
A$777.00 per person in twin share accommodation
A$1O34.00 per person in single room

The following flight is recommended for this tour: 13 October SYD/CNS QF406 0840/1140hrs (Correct at time of printing, and subject to change)

TOUR HOSTS PTY LIMITED (licence No. 2TA001144), the Conference Tour Specialists, have arranged these packages especially for delegates attending the 5th Congress of The Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.

Reservation, Booking and Final Details

Reservations should reach the Congress Secretariat not later than 7 August l998 and full payment is required at that time. No space on tours will be reserved without payment. Bookings will be acknowledged and participants advised of final details. The number of participants on ALL tours is limited and places will be allocated strictly in order of receipt of reservations. If minimum numbers are not achieved, alternative arrangements or a complete refund of the published tour price will be made. A LATE FEE of A$100.00 will be charged for all payments received after 7 August 1998.

Deluxe accommodationAirfares
Sightseeing as per itineriesMeals other than specified
Breakfast daily and other meals as specifiedPersonal expenses
(B=Breakfast, L=Lunch, D=Dinner)Drinks and anything specifically not mentioned
Airport transfers 
Maximum Numbers

The number of participants on ALL tours is limited and places win be allocated strictly in order of receipt of reservations.


Airfares are not included in the ground cost and should be purchased in your home country. It is strongly recommended that you travel on the flight recommended to ensure you receive all components of the tour. Should you encounter difficulties in obtaining flights, please contact Tour Hosts Pty Limited.

Cancellation Fees

Prior to 7 August 1998 - full refund less $100.00 administration fee; after this date - no refunds win be applicable.

Alternative or Additional Arrangements

For alternative arrangements please contact Tour Host pty Limited - we will be pleased to tailor an individual itinerary to suit your requirements.

Telephone: +61 2 9262 2277
Fax: +61 2 9262 2323
Email: tourhosts@tourhosts.com.au


Sydney, Australia's gateway city and the capital of New South Wales is built around one of the largest, most beautiful harbours in the world and along miles of golden surfing beaches which stretch north and south of the city on the shore of the Pacific Ocean.

The beaches and harbour play a major role in the leisure and sporting lives of Sydneysiders - yachting, surfing, sail boarding, swimming, boating, fishing and waterskiing are all popular activities.

Many national parks and protected areas of natural bush land surround the city and the beautiful Blue Mountains are a short journey to the west.

Perhaps the most famous of Sydney's landmarks is the spectacular Sydney Opera House with its graceful 'sails'. The Opera House has become Sydney's cultural centre, offering opera, ballet, drama and film. The historic 'Rocks' area, site of the original white settlement, is nearby, and this part of the harbour foreshore is a hub of activity for both local residents and visitors.

Sydney is a vigorous, cosmopolitan city, a major industrial, business and commercial centre and is endlessly fascinating in its variety and its beauty.

In the Month of October

A number of activities are available in and around Sydney during October. Following is just a sample:

  • Australian Opera, Sydney Opera House
  • Sydney Symphony Orchestra, Sydney Opera House
  • Floriade Canberra Spring Festival, Canberra
  • Aurora New World Festival, Darling Harbour, Sydney

Airport and Transport

The central business district is 10km north from the International Airport and takes approximately 20 minutes to reach by car. A taxi costs approximately A$20.00. A regular airport to city bus service operates from approximately 0600-2100 (not recommended for those with large amounts of luggage). Any queries please see the Travellers Information Desk at the Airport.


Decimal currency is used in Australia with the dollar as the basic unit (100 cents= $l). Notes come in $100, $50, $20, $10, and $5. Coins come in 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, $1 and $2 denominations.

Currency exchange facilities are available in most banks, hotels and airports and operate during normal business hours. Credit cards are accepted at most restaurants and shops, the most widely used being MasterCard, Visa, American Express and Diners Club.

Business Hours

Banks generally open from 0930-1600 Monday - Friday. General office hours are 0900-1700 Monday - Friday. Post Offices operate during these hours, however, stamps are often available from hotels.

Climate and Clothing

October is spring and the temperature range is 13°C to 22°C. Generally Australians are informal dressers. We suggest you bring a jacket and tie with you for special occasions. A light jacket is recommended for evenings. Please see the social programme on page 7 for dress details at social functions.

Eating Out

Bistros, restaurants, cafes and coffee shops offer varied menus, prices and decor. Local specialties such as seafood and Australian wines are worth trying. At some restaurants you can keep the liquor bill down by taking your own wine or beer. These are called "BYO" restaurants, an abbreviation for "bring your own". Darling Harbour, the site of the 5th APSR Congress, has outdoor cafes and restaurants, coffee shops and fast food outlets located in a large food hall.


Electrical current is 240/250V, AC 50Hz. The Australian three-pin power outlet is different from that in many countries, so you will need an adapter. If your appliances are 11OV, check if there is a 110/240V switch. If not, you will need a voltage converter. Universal outlets for 240V or 110V shavers are usually found in leading hotels.


The official language for the Congress is English.


Parking is available at the Congress venue at the rate of A$12.00 per day.

Passport and Visa

A valid passport is required for entry into Australia. All overseas visitors, except New Zealand passport holders, require a visa prior to travel to Australia. Check this matter carefully with your airline or travel agent as immigration laws are strictly enforced.

Planning Your Travel

Because of time change and jet lag the Organising Committee suggests you consider arriving in Australia by 8 October l998. This will enable you to relax and familiarise yourself with your hotel and its surrounds before the start of the Congress.


Australia is free from many plant and animal diseases prevalent in other countries. Very strict quarantine rules apply to the import of animals and plants, which cannot be brought into the country without prior application. Animal and plant products are also restricted.


Shops in Sydney open from 0900 to 1730 during the week with late night shopping on Thursday. On Saturdays, most shops open from 0900 to 1600. On Sunday Darling Harbour shops are open from 1000 to 1800 and major department stores in the centre of the city are open from 1000 to 1600.


Sydney is 1O hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.


Tipping is not as widespread or regulated in Australia as it is in other parts of the world. Tipping is your prerogative, a reward for service. It is customary to tip hotel porters and a gratuity of about 10 per cent is usual in restaurants if good service is received. Tips for taxis are regarded as optional.


A current valid international certificate of inoculation against yellow fever is required if passengers come from, or travel through, infected areas. Check this carefully with your airline or travel agent.

Call for Abstracts - Oral & Poster

Abstracts are invited for oral or poster presentation. The receipt deadline for submission of abstracts is Friday, 3 April, 1998. Notification of acceptance of abstracts for either oral or poster presentation will be provided by the end of June 1998.

Instructions for Authors

Authors are requested to read the instructions and the sample abstract given below before preparing abstracts.

  1. Title, Authors' Names and Institutional Affiliation
    1. The Title should be entirely in capital letters
    2. Name of the speaker must be underlined
    3. The initial of the first name must precede the last name
    4. Institutional affiliation, city and country are necessary
  2. Body of Abstract
    1. Abstracts should be typed in English
    2. Prepare the abstract in this order: aims, methods, results and conclusions
    3. State the conclusions. The statement "The results will be discussed" is not adequate
  3. Common Errors in the Abstract
    An abstract may be rejected for publication by the Scientific Program Committee if it has the following errors:
    1. Incorrect or obscure abbreviations
    2. Misspelled words
    3. Poor English
    4. Indistinct typing


Abstracts must be submitted on the official reproduction form and 4 copies together with your Registration Form and be received in the office of the 5th APSR Secretariat by Friday, 3 April, 1998. Only authors who have registered are entitled to give a presentation.

Abstracts are subject to approval of the Scientific Program Committee.

Instructions for Typing Abstract

  1. Follow the sample abstract for style and layout
  2. Typing must be of high quality. A black carbon typewriter ribbon, (or a new fabric ribbon) or a letter quality printer must be used
  3. Type the abstract in English
  4. Type the abstract within the outline - do not go over the lines
  5. Avoid erasures
  6. Type TITLE in CAPITAL LETTERS across the top
  7. Type name/s of author/s preceded by initial and omitting titles, academic degrees etc
  8. Type name of the presenting author FIRST
  9. Type name of institute, city and country
  10. Use black ink to add symbols not available on typewriters or printers
Instructions for Mailing Abstract Form

Provide the original abstract and four clear photocopies of the Abstract Form.

Send to the 5th APSR Secretariat, GPO Box l28, Sydney NSW 2001, AUSTRALIA, enclosing:

  1. Original Abstract Form
  2. Four (4) photocopies of Abstract Form
  3. Registration Form and Fees

Remember - you must mail your registration form and Congress fees with your abstract.

Abstract Sample


T. Kobayashi, H. Takahashi, N. Kawate, C. Konaka, H. Kato; Department of Surgery, Tokyo Medical Conege, Tokyo, Japan

Videobronchoscopes have come into use because of several advantages. At present, there are three types of bronchoscopes, bronchofiberscopes, indirect videobronchoscopes coupled to a video adapter on the viewer, and direct videobronchoscopes equipped....