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3rd Congress of the APSR

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Singapore, 1993

This congress was held at The Mandarin Singapore, on 7-10 October 1993.

Congress websites remain online for a limited period after the event. Therefore for posterity, the following links are to pages reproduced from the congress' Final Announcement.

Given the size and complexity of such events, it is inevitable that there were last minute changes. Consequently there is no guarantee that all the sessions detailed actually took place in the form advertised.

Information that is unlikely to be of further interest, such as hotel booking, transportation arrangements to the venue, etc., has been omitted.

The following information appeared in the Final Announcement

7th - 10th October 1993

The Mandarin Singapore

Organised by the Singapore Thoracic Society under the auspices of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology

Sponsors: Ministry of Health, Singapore; Academy of Medicine, Singapore; National University of Singapore



Organising Committee2
General Information3
Scientific Programme at a Glance5
Scientific Programme6
List of Speakers8
Congress Social Programme & Accompanying Persons' Programme9
Registration Form A10
Application to Present a Scientific Paper Form B11
Subject Classifications and Guidelines for Preparation of Abstracts12
Abstract Reproduction13
Hotel Accommodation Booking Form C15

Important Dates

Deadline for Submission of Abstracts30 Jun '93
Deadline for Early Registration at Reduced Rate30 Jun '93
Last Date for Cancellation and Refund31 Jul '93
Opening Ceremony & Welcome Banquet07 Oct '93
Farewell Dinner Party09 Oct '93
Closing Ceremony10 Oct '93



Wan-Cheng Tan

It gives me great pleasure to invite you, on behalf of the Organising Committee, to the Third Congress of the Asian-Pacific Society of Respirology (APSR) to be held in Singapore from 7th to 10th October, 1993.

The theme of the Congress is "Asia-Pacific Pulmonary Medicine - Current Challenges and Future Trends". The Scientific Committee has put together a programme that is highly relevant to the participants of the Asia-Pacific region and which should appeal to the clinician and scientist alike. Included in the scientific programme are "state-of-the-art" plenary lectures on topics such as lung transplantation, smoking and lung health and acute respiratory distress syndrome as well as several major symposia featuring practical issues in various clinical areas such as pulmonary infections, asthma and lung cancer. There will also be "specific" symposia covering areas of more specialised interest to subspecialty groups, such as critical care of the lung; and endobronchial laser and stenting and an optional pre-congress workshop on "Clinical Applications of Lasers in Respiratory Medicine". Most importantly, investigators of all ages will have ample opportunities to present and discuss their work at fully-chaired oral and poster discussion sessions.

Last but not least, we hope to present a varied and exciting social programme for all participants and accompanying persons. For those who prefer to explore the island of Singapore on their own, it is safe and easy to do so.

We look forward to seeing you in October 1993.

Wan-Cheng TAN
President of Congress

Organising Committee

Dr. TAN Wan-Cheng

Dr. WANG Yee-Tang

Dr. CHAN Tiong-Beng

Assistant Secretaries:
Dr. HUI Rok Pheng
Dr. CHIN Nyat-Kooi

Dr. TAN CHAN Kwai-Weng

Scientific Programme:
Dr. TAN Wan-Cheng

Congress Facilities:
Dr. GOH Teck-Chong

Dr. CHEONG Tuck-Hong

Publicity, Promotion & Exhibition:
Dr. SIN FAI LAM Khim-Nian

Social Programme:
Dr. YAP Jane

Accommodation & Transport:
Dr. YEO Chor-Tzien

Dr. LIM Erk-Meng

Dr. CHEE Cynthia

Dr. CHEW Chin Him
Miss LEE Siok Tin
Mr. TAN Eng Joo


General Information

Congress Venue
The Mandarin Singapore
333 Orchard Road
Singapore 0923
Telephone: (65) 7374411 Facsimile: (65) 7322361
Congress Secretariat
Communication Consultants
336 Smith Street #06-302
New Bridge Centre
Singapore 0105
Telephone: (65) 2279811 Facsimile: (65) 2270257
English will be the working language of the Congress
On or before
30th June 1993
30th June 1993
Scientific ParticipantS$500S$600
Accompanying PersonS$250S$300
Pre-Congress WorkshopS$300S$300
Luncheon Seminar (per seminar)S$25S$25

All scientific registrants, including those presenting a free paper or poster, must register as full members and pay the relevant registration fees. Registration will not be confirmed until the respective registration fee has been received by the Congress Secretariat.

To register, complete and mail Form A together with your payment to the Congress Secretariat. The registration fee must be paid in Singapore Dollars by bank draft payable to Singapore Thoracic Society A/C 2 or by credit card (Amex, MasterCard and Visa card only). Upon receipt of your registration form and the appropriate fees, an official receipt and registration card will be issued to you. Please produce the registration card at the Registration Desk to obtain your registration badge and congress satchel.

The registration fee for Scientific participants includes:

Admission to all Scientific Sessions
Opening Ceremony
Welcome Banquet
Trade Exhibition
Farewell Dinner Party
Closing Ceremony
All Coffee and Tea Breaks
A Congress Kit
A Copy of the Congress Proceedings

Accompanying person registration fee includes:

Admission to Opening Ceremony
Welcome Banquet
Farewell Dinner Party
Closing Ceremony
Social Programme
Registration Cancellation Policy

75% of registration fee is repayable until 31st July 1993. There will be no refund for cancellation requests received after this date. Refunds will only be made after the Congress.


0fficial Airline

Singapore Airlines Limited has been appointed official carrier for the Congress. For special fares, please present your confirmation of registration to the Singapore Airlines office near you.


The Organising Committee has secured accommodation at the Congress venue and nearby support hotels at specially reduced rates. Applications for hotel accommodation must be made on Form C. A one-night non-refundable room deposit is required to confirm hotel reservations.

Trade Exhibition

A trade exhibition will be organised in conjunction with the Congress and the latest pharmaceuticals, instrumentation and equipment for clinical management and research, among others, will be featured. Companies interested in participating in the Trade Exhibition may request the Exhibitors' Information and Order Manual from the Congress Secretariat.

Pico Art International Pte Ltd and Trans-Link Exhibition Forwarding Pte Ltd have been appointed as Official Exhibition Contractor and Official Exhibition Forwarder respectively.

Accompanying Persons' Programme/Optional Tours

Tradewinds Tours and Travel is the travel agent appointed to organise tours for registered accompanying persons. Details of the Accompanying Persons' programme can be found in Page 9 of this announcement. A leaflet containing a number of interesting pre-and post-Congress optional tours in Singapore and the neighbouring countries at special prices is enclosed.

Proceedings of the Congress

Papers from the plenary, symposia and controversies sessions will be published in the Proceedings of the Congress.

Call for Papers

Delegates are invited to submit abstracts for oral/poster presentation on the official Abstract Reproduction Form together with Form B not later than 30th June 1993. Abstracts will not be processed until the registration Form A and registration fee have been received and acknowledged.


Yellow fever vaccination is required for visitors arriving from endemic areas. No other health documents are required.


National passport holders of most countries are permitted to stay in Singapore for up to 14 days without visas. However, visas may be required for visitors from some countries and participants are requested to clarify this before travelling.


The Organising Committee shall not be held liable for personal accidents, illness or losses or damage to private property of registered delegates of the Congress. Delegates should make their own arrangements with respect to personal insurance.

Whilst every attempt will be made to ensure that all aspects of the Congress mentioned in this announcement will take place as scheduled, the Organising Committee reserves the prerogative to make last minute changes should the need arise.


Scientific Programme at a Glance

 0830-09150915-10451115-1245 1400-15301600-17301900-2300
6 Oct
Pre-congress workshop: "Clinical Applications of Lasers in Respiratory Medicine 
7 Oct
Pre-congress workshop: "Clinical Applications of Lasers in Respiratory MedicineWelcome banquet
APSR Business Meeting
8 Oct
PL1: Lung TransplantationS1: Asthma
S2: Paediatric Lung Disease
FP 1 & 2
S3: Occupational Lung Disease
FP 3, 4 & 5
Luncheon Seminar 1 & 2S4: Pulmonary Infections
FP 6, 7 & 8
Controversies 1Astra Satellite Symposium on New Aspects on Corticosteroids in Asthma
Poster DisplayPoster Discussion 1 & 2
9 Oct
PL2: Smoking & HealthS5: Critical Care
FP 9, 10 & 11
S6: Lung Cancer
FP 12, 13 & 14
Luncheon Seminar 3 & 4S7: COPD
S8: Breathing Disorders in Sleep
FP 15 & 16
Controversies 2Farewell Dinner Party
Poster DisplayPoster Discussion 3 & 4
10 Oct
PL3: Radiology in Pulmonary Disease - Then & NowS9: Chronic Airway Diseases
FP 17 & 18
S10: Interstitial Lung Disease
S11: Inhalation Therapy
FP 19 & 20
Luncheon Seminar 5 & 6PL4: ARDs: New TreatmentsClosing Ceremony 
Poster DisplayPoster Discussion 5 & 6
 Public Forum - Asthma 

PL - Plenary Lecture, S - Symposium, FP - Free Paper


Scientific Programme

Theme: Asia-Pacific Pulmonary Medicine - Current Challenges and future Trends
Plenary Lectures
PL 1: Lung Transplantation (A Glanville, Australia)
PL 2: Smoking and Health (J. Mackay, Hong Kong)
PL 3: Radiology in Pulmonary Disease - Then & Now (L. Tan, Singapore)
PL 4: ARDS: New Treatments (R. C. Bone, USA)

Asthma (S1)

  • The role of molecular biology in clinical asthma (P. Barnes, UK)
  • Airway inflammation in clinical asthma: Clinicopathophysiological correlation (J. Hogg, Canada)
  • Guidelines in the management of asthma (W. C. Tan, Singapore)

Paediatric Lung Disease (S2)

  • Childhood asthma: triggers, prevention and early intervention (L. Landau, Australia)
  • Pulmonary function testing in infants and children (P. Sly, Australia)
  • Management of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (O. M. Chay, Singapore)
  • Inhaled steroid therapy in children (S. Pederson, Denmark)

Occupational Lung Disease (S3)

  • Occupational asthma: An overview (M. Chan-Yeung, Canada)
  • Occupational exposure and chronic obstructive lung disease (M. Chan-Yeung, Canada)
  • Organic Dust lung disease (C. G. Uragoda, Sri Lanka)
  • Setting up an occupational lung clinic - The Singapore Experience (Y. T. Wang, Singapore)

Pulmonary Infections (S4)

  • Melioidosis (M. Sookpranee, 77miland)
  • Pulmonary infections in the HIV positive patients - Singapore Experience (D .Allen, Singapore)
  • Tuberculosis and non-tuberculosis mycobacterial disease: New treatment (S. K. Teo, Singapore)
  • Bronchiectasis - Hong Kong Experience (W. K. Lam, Hong Kong)

Critical Care (S5)

  • New methods of ventilatory support (J. Milic-Emili, Canada)
  • Sepsis Syndrome and its treatment (A. C. Bone, USA)
  • Understanding practical respiratory monitoring in the ICU (J. Milic-Emili, Canada)
  • Pulmonary infection in the ventilated patient (W. C. Tan, Singapore)

Lung Cancer (S6)

  • Molecular basis for lung cancer (J. Hogg, Canada)
  • Cell type and staging in cancer management: Current concepts (A. Glanville, Australia)
  • Neoadjuvant therapy (J. Wong, Singapore)
  • Lasers, stents and brachytherapy (J. Dumon, France)


  • New insight into epidemiology of COPD in Australasia (A. J. Woolcock, Australia)
  • Diagnostic difficulties in COPD: Role of early intervention (P. Calverley, UK)
  • Advances in the treatment of COPD (A. C. Bone, USA)
  • Pathophysiology of chronic respiratory insufficiency (J. Milic-Emili, Canada)


  • Pathophysiologic consequences of sleep apnoea (C. E. Sullivan, Australia)
  • Assessment, treatment and outcome of sleep apnoea (N. Berend, Australia)
  • Epidemiology and features of sleep apnoea in the Asia-Pacific region (W. C. Tan, Singapore)

Chronic Airway Diseases (S9)

  • Diffuse Panbronchiolitis - is it unique to Orientals? (S. Kira, Japan)
  • From BOOP/COP to Bronchiolis Obliterans (R. M. du Bois, UK)
  • Genetic basis for emphysema in the Asia-Pacific region (Y. Fukuchi, Japan)

Interstitial Lung Disease (S10)

  • The role of imaging in diagnosis of ILD (W. Y. Cheong, Singapore)
  • The molecular basis of pathogenesis of ILD (R. M. du Bois, UK)
  • Current management of Diffuse ILD (R. M. du Bois, UK)

Inhalation Therapy (S11)

  • Pulmonary pathology in response to inhaled particles (J. Hogg, Canada)
  • The Clinical aspects of inhaled particles (N. S. Zhong, China)
  • The future of inhalational devices (G. Crompton, UK)
Surgical resection is indicated in N2 non-small cell lung cancerA. GlanvilleJ. Dumon
Non-invasive ventilatory support should be used in COPDC. E. SullivanN. Berend
Beta agonist should only be used for symptom reliefA. J. WoolcockP. Calverley
Monoclonal antibodies therapy in endotoxaemia is good therapyR. C. BoneD. Allen
Immunosuppressive therapy is effective treatment for severe chronic asthmaN. BerendP. Calverley
Satellite Symposium

A satellite symposium entitled "New Aspects on Corticosteroids in Asthma" will be organised by Astra Pharmaceuticals on the evening of Friday, 8th October 1993.

In addition, the following sessions will be offered on a subscription basis:

Pre-Congress Workshop

Clinical Applications of Lasers in Respiratory Medicine

(S$300, inclusive of coffee break, lunch and workshop materials, limited to 40 participants)

Wednesday, 6th October 1993

0800-0900 Registration
0900-0945 Laser Physics (Y. T. Wang, Singapore)
0945-1030 Clinical applications of Nd:YAG Laser Surgery in Respiratory Medicine (F. Lee, Singapore)
1030-1045 Coffee Break
1045-1130 Management of Malignant Airway Obstruction (A. Mehta, USA)
1130-1200 Endobronchial Nd:YAG Laser Surgery a Stenting (I. F. Dumon, France)
1200-1400 Lunch
1400-1500 Tissue Laboratory (Hands-on Workshop)


Thursday, 7th October 1993

0830-0915 Endobronchial Nd:YAG Laser Surgery - Cleveland Clinic Experience (A. Mehta, USA)
0915-1000 Laser Surgery for Lung Cancer - The Japanese Experience (M. Fukuoka, Japan)
1000-1045 Nd:YAG Laser Surgery with the Rigid Bronchoscore (J. F. Dumon, France)
1045-1100 Coffee Break
1100-1200 Diagnostic Lasers and Photodynamic Therapy (A. Mehta, USA)
1200-1300 Lunch
1300-1600 Animal Laboratory (Hands-on Workshop)
Luncheon Seminars

(S$25 per seminar, inclusive of lunch and seminar materials, limited to 30 participants per seminar.)

Seminar 1 - Bronchoalveolar lavage in clinical practice (A. Mehta, USA)
Seminar 2 - Community-acquired pneumonia (K. P. Hui, Singapore)
Seminar 3 - Malignant pleural effusion-shunts and thoracoscopy (J. Dumon, France)
Seminar 4 - CT scan in pulmonary disease (W. Y. Cheong, Singapore)
Seminar 5 - The management of diaphragmatic paralysis (T. H. Cheong, Singapore)
Seminar 6 - The paediatric sleep laboratory - Methodologies & Equipment (C. E. Sullivan, Australia)

List of Invited Speakers

AUSTRALIA: N. Berend, A. Glanville, L. Landau, P. Sly, C. E. Sullivan, A. J. Woolcock

CANADA: M. Chan-Yeung, J. Hogg, J. Milic-Emili

CHINA: N. S. Zhong

DENMARK: S. Pederson

FRANCE: J. Dumon

HONG KONG: W. K. Lam, J. Mackay

JAPAN: Y. Fukuchi, M. Fukuoka, S. Kira

SINGAPORE: D. Allen, O. M. Chay, T. H. Cheong, W. Y. Cheong, K. P. Hui, F. Lee, W. C. Tan, S. K. Teo, Y. T. Wang, I. Wong

SRI LANKA: C. G. Uragoda

THAILAND: M. Sookpranee

UK: P. Barnes, P. Calverley, G. Crompton, R. M. du Bois

USA: A. C. Bone, A. Mehta


Congress Social Programme

All registered scientific participants and accompanying persons are cordially invited to attend the following social events:

Opening Ceremony & Welcome Banquet
Following the Opening Ceremony officiated by the Minister for Health, Singapore, there will be a welcome reception featuring a 9-course Chinese Dinner by courtesy of The Mandarin Singapore. Thursday, 7th October 1993, 6:30 pm
Farewell Dinner Party
An evening to relax and enjoy a sumptuous international buffet dinner. A light entertainment programme will be arranged to complete the evening. Saturday, 9th October 1993, 6:30 pm
Closing Ceremony
An opportunity to catch up with colleagues and friends. Sunday, 10th October 1993, 4:00 pm

Accompanying Persons' Programme

In addition to the Congress Social Programme, registered accompanying persons are entitled to participate in the following specially arranged tours:

Sentosa Island Tour
A tour to Sentosa Island which includes visits to the Wax Museum featuring the pioneers of Singapore, the Underwater World, the Fountain Garden and a one way cable car ride back to the main island. A soft drink will be served during the tour. Friday, 8th October 1993, 9:00 am - 12:30 pm
Antiques and Artefacts Tours
An introduction to Singapore - the Shoppers' Paradise. Highlights of the tour include visits to Neil Road, Holland Village and the Ming Village where interesting antiques and artefacts can be found. Saturday, 9th October 1993, 9:00 am - 12:30 pm


Registration Form - Form A

Scientific Participant: Prof/Dr/Mr/Mrs/Miss
Family name:   
Other names:   
City:    Area Code:    Country:   

Accompanying Persons: Prof/Dr/Mr/Mrs/Miss
Family name:   
Other names:   

On or before
30 June 1993
30 June 1993
Scientific ParticipantS$500S$600 
Accompanying PersonS$250S$300 
Pre-Congress WorkshopS$300S$300 
Luncheon Seminar 1 2 3 4 5 6
(per seminar)
Total amount payable S$25 

Indicative exchange rate: S$1.00 = US$0.64

☐ I enclose a bankdraft for S$    payable to Singapore Thoracic Society A/C 2

☐ Please charge S$    to my Amex/MasterCard/Visa Card

Card No:    Expiry Date:   

Signature:    Date:   

All communications should be addressed to:

The Congress Secretariat
336 Smith Street, #06-302
New Bridge Centre
Singapore 0105


Application to Present a Scientific Paper Form B

Family name:   
Other names:   
City:    Area Code:    Country:   

Title of Paper:   

Authors (not more than 4):   

Preferred method of presentation: ☐ Oral, ☐ Poster, ☐ Either

Subject Classification:    (Please refer to Page 12 and indicate your subject category by number(s))

Reminder: You are required to register and pay registration fees at the same time you submit your application to present a paper/poster.

All applications should be made to:

The Congress Secretariat
336 Smith Street, #06-302
New Bridge Centre
Singapore 0105

Deadline for submission: 30th June 1993


Subject Classifications
  1. Asthma
  2. Cancer
  3. COPD
  4. Exercise
  5. ICU Monitoring
  6. Infectious Pulmonary Disease and AIDS
  7. Lung Injury
  8. Occupational and Environmental Lung Disease
  9. Pulmonary Investigations
  1. Pulmonary Pharmacology
  2. Respiratory Muscles
  3. Sleep
  4. Cell & Molecular Biology/Immunology
  5. Transplantation/Thoracic surgery
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Ventilation Management
  8. Interstitial Lung Disease
  9. Paediatrics
  10. Others
Instructions for preparation of abstracts
The abstract must be written in English in not more than 300 words and typed within the 11.5 cm by 15.5 cm frame in the Abstract Form provided. Leave no margin at the top and left-hand sides. Use single-line vertical spacing and leave one line between paragraphs. Follow the instructions given in the sample for composition of the abstract.
  • Name of authors in upper and lower cases, Family Name in capital and underline Family Name of presenter. Department/Hospital/Institution of First author only.
  • The text should begin with a statement, in one sentence, of the main purpose of the study. A statement of methods should follow.
  • A summary of the results should be presented clearly and briefly to support the conclusion.
  • Conclusions reached should be precisely stated. Do not include graphs, tables and references in the abstract.

Sample Abstract


K. P. Hui, N. K. Chin, K. Chow, T. C. Yeo, G. Kumarasinghe, W. C. Tan. Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore 0511.

Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a significant cause for hospital admissions, both in developed and developing countries, despite the advent of potent antibiotics. Nevertheless, the pattern of CAP in Singapore is unknown.

We prospectively surveyed the pattern of CAP in patients requiring hospitalisation at National University Hospital between March and August 1991. During that time period, all patients who were admitted into NUH with CAP were enrolled into the survey. Definition of CAP includes the following: no hospital stay for at least 3 days prior to admission, pneumonic consolidation on Chest X-Ray at admission, and fever or cough plus sputum. Microbiological investigations include sputum microscopy with culture, examination of Mycobactenum tuberculosis (TB), sputum pneumococcal antigen (Wellcome latex agglutination test kit), blood cultures, serum serology for mycoplasma and legionella. 96 patients fulfilling the criteria of CAP were eligible for analysis, of which 9 patients died (mortality rate 11%). Median range of patients was 62 years (range 16 - 91), with male:female ratio of 1:1. Ethnic distribution was 76% Chinese, 18% Malay and 5% Indian. Mycobactenum tuberculosis (TB) remains the commonest identifiable pyogenic organism, of which only 25% was identified by sputum culture. Gram-negative organisms are significant pathogens in 19% of patients. No micro-organism was identified in more than half the patients.

As this survey is only limited to patients admitted into a single hospital within a relatively short time period, regional and seasonal differences in causative micro-organisms may not be detected. Nevertheless, the observed pattern would be a useful guide to the management of patients hospitalised with community acquired pneumonia at first contact in a Singapore hospital.


Abstract Reproduction Form

Paper to be presented by   


(Page 14 intentionally left blank)


Hotel Accommodation Booking Form C

Family name:   
Other names:   
City:    Area Code:    Country:   

Accompanying Persons: Prof/Dr/Mr/Mrs/Miss
Family name:   
Other names:   

Arrival Date and Flight No.:   
Departure Date and Flight No.:   
Number of nights:   

Choice of hotel:TwinDeposit
Congress VenueSingleSharingRequired
☐ The Mandarin SingaporeS$200 ++S$200 ++S$228
Support Hotels
☐ The New OtaniS$180 ++S$200 ++S$205-228
☐ Hotel ImperialS$160 ++S$160 ++S$182.40
☐ Cairnhill HotelS$120 ++S$120 ++S$136.80

Room rates are subject to 10% service charge and 4% government tax. Except for the Cairnhill Hotel, complimentary shuttle service will be available at specified times between the Congress Venue and the support hotels. A one-night non-refundable room deposit is required to confirm hotel reservation. Please mail this form, together with a bank draft payable to the respective hotels, to:

Communication Consultants
336 Smith Street, #06-302
New Bridge Centre
Singapore 0105
Tel No: (65) 2279811 1 Fax No: (65) 2270257